The clinical behavior and genomic features of the so-called adenoid cystic carcinomas of the solid variant with basaloid features.

Schwartz, Christopher J, Brogi, Edi, Marra, Antonio, Da Cruz Paula, Arnaud F, Nanjangud, Gouri J, da Silva, Edaise M, Patil, Sujata, Shah, Shreena, Ventura, Katia, Razavi, Pedram, Norton, Larry, D'alfonso, Timothy, Weigelt, Britta, Pareja, Fresia, Reis-Filho, Jorge S, Wen, Hannah Y (October 2021) The clinical behavior and genomic features of the so-called adenoid cystic carcinomas of the solid variant with basaloid features. Modern Pathology. ISSN 0893-3952

DOI: 10.1038/s41379-021-00931-6


Classic adenoid cystic carcinomas (C-AdCCs) of the breast are rare, relatively indolent forms of triple negative cancers, characterized by recurrent MYB or MYBL1 genetic alterations. Solid and basaloid adenoid cystic carcinoma (SB-AdCC) is considered a rare variant of AdCC yet to be fully characterized. Here, we sought to determine the clinical behavior and repertoire of genetic alterations of SB-AdCCs. Clinicopathologic data were collected on a cohort of 104 breast AdCCs (75 C-AdCCs and 29 SB-AdCCs). MYB expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry and MYB-NFIB and MYBL1 gene rearrangements were investigated by fluorescent in-situ hybridization. AdCCs lacking MYB/MYBL1 rearrangements were subjected to RNA-sequencing. Targeted sequencing data were available for 9 cases. The invasive disease-free survival (IDFS) and overall survival (OS) were assessed in C-AdCC and SB-AdCC. SB-AdCCs have higher histologic grade, and more frequent nodal and distant metastases than C-AdCCs. MYB/MYBL1 rearrangements were significantly less frequent in SB-AdCC than C-AdCC (3/14, 21% vs 17/20, 85% P < 0.05), despite the frequent MYB expression (9/14, 64%). In SB-AdCCs lacking MYB rearrangements, CREBBP, KMT2C, and NOTCH1 alterations were observed in 2 of 4 cases. SB-AdCCs displayed a shorter IDFS than C-AdCCs (46.5 vs 151.8 months, respectively, P < 0.001), independent of stage. In summary, SB-AdCCs are a molecularly heterogeneous but clinically aggressive group of tumors. Less than 25% of SB-AdCCs display the genomic features of C-AdCC. Defining whether these tumors represent a single entity or a collection of different cancer types with a similar basaloid histologic appearance is warranted.

Item Type: Paper
Subjects: diseases & disorders > cancer
diseases & disorders > cancer > drugs and therapies > patient outcomes
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Wigler lab
SWORD Depositor: CSHL Elements
Depositing User: CSHL Elements
Date: 1 October 2021
Date Deposited: 21 Oct 2021 18:26
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2021 18:26

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