Chen, Wei-Chia, Zhou, Juannan, Sheltzer, Jason, Kinney, Justin, McCandlish, David
(December 2020)
*Non-parametric Bayesian density estimation for biological sequence space with applications to pre-mRNA splicing and the karyotypic diversity of human cancer.*
BioRxiv.
(Unpublished)

## Abstract

Density estimation in sequence space is a fundamental problem in machine learning that is of great importance in computational biology. Due to the discrete nature and large dimensionality of sequence space, how best to estimate such probability distributions from a sample of observed sequences remains unclear. One common strategy for addressing this problem is to estimate the probability distribution using maximum entropy, i.e. calculating point estimates for some set of correlations based on the observed sequences and predicting the probability distribution that is as uniform as possible while still matching these point estimates. Building on recent advances in Bayesian field-theoretic density estimation, we present a generalization of this maximum entropy approach that provides greater expressivity in regions of sequence space where data is plentiful while still maintaining a conservative maximum entropy char-acter in regions of sequence space where data is sparse or absent. In particular, we define a family of priors for probability distributions over sequence space with a single hyper-parameter that controls the expected magnitude of higher-order correlations. This family of priors then results in a corresponding one-dimensional family of maximum a posteriori estimates that interpolate smoothly between the maximum entropy estimate and the observed sample frequencies. To demonstrate the power of this method, we use it to explore the high-dimensional geometry of the distribution of 5′ splice sites found in the human genome and to understand the accumulation of chromosomal abnormalities during cancer progression.

Item Type: | Paper |
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Subjects: | diseases & disorders > cancer bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > Alternative Splicing bioinformatics > computational biology bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > RNA splicing |

CSHL Authors: | |

Communities: | CSHL labs > Kinney lab CSHL labs > McCandlish lab CSHL labs > Sheltzer lab |

SWORD Depositor: | CSHL Elements |

Depositing User: | CSHL Elements |

Date: | 10 December 2020 |

Date Deposited: | 09 May 2022 20:56 |

Last Modified: | 09 May 2022 20:56 |

URI: | https://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/40603 |

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