Regulating the regulator: Phosphorylation-mediated regulation of the RNAi effector protein Argonaute

Bibel, Brianna L (October 2021) Regulating the regulator: Phosphorylation-mediated regulation of the RNAi effector protein Argonaute. PhD thesis, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory.

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Abstract

Argonaute (Ago) proteins play a central role in post-transcriptional gene regulation through RNA interference (RNAi). In this process, Ago binds to a small interfering RNA (siRNA) or a microRNA (miRNA) and uses it as a guide to target messenger RNAs containing regions of complementarity and down-regulates production of their corresponding proteins. It was previously shown that the kinase CK1α phosphorylates a cluster of residues in the eukaryotic insertion (EI) of Ago, leading to the alleviation of miRNA-mediated repression through an undetermined mechanism. We show that binding of miRNA-loaded human Argonaute-2 (hAgo2) to target RNA with complementarity to the seed and 3’ supplemental regions of the miRNA primes the EI for hierarchical phosphorylation by CK1α. The added negative charges electrostatically promote target release, freeing hAgo2 to seek out additional targets once it is dephosphorylated. The high conservation of potential phosphosites in the EI suggests that such a regulatory strategy may be a shared mechanism for regulating miRNA-mediated repression.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Subjects: bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification > protein types > enzymes > kinase > CK1a
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > RNAi
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification > protein types > Ago2
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification > protein types > argonaute proteins
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > miRNA
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > miRNA
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > microRNA
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification > protein expression > phosphorylation
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification > protein expression > phosphorylation > Phosphorylation-mediated regulation
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > siRNA
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Joshua-Tor lab
School of Biological Sciences > Theses
Depositing User: Sasha Luks-Morgan
Date: 20 October 2021
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2021 19:55
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2022 16:46
URI: https://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/40413

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