PTEN: Bridging Endocytosis and Signaling

Lee, M. F., Trotman, L. C. (December 2019) PTEN: Bridging Endocytosis and Signaling. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Med. ISSN 2157-1422

URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31818848
DOI: 10.1101/cshperspect.a036103

Abstract

The transduction of signals in the PTEN/PI3-kinase (PI3K) pathway is built around a phosphoinositide (PIP) lipid messenger, phosphatidylinositol trisphosphate, PI(3,4,5)P3 or PIP3 Another, more ancient role of this family of messengers is the control of endocytosis, where a handful of separate PIPs act like postal codes. Prominent among them is PI(3)P, which helps to ensure that endocytic vesicles, their cargo, and membranes themselves reach their correct destinations. Traditionally, the cancer and the endocytic functions of the PI3K signaling pathway have been studied by cancer and membrane biologists, respectively, with some notable but overall minimal overlap. Modern microscopy has enabled monitoring of the PTEN/PI3K pathway in action. Here, we explore the flurry of groundbreaking concepts emerging from those efforts. The discovery that PTEN contains an autonomous PI(3)P reader domain, fused to the catalytic PIP3 eraser domain has prompted us to explore the relationship between PI3K signaling and endocytosis. This revealed how PTEN can achieve signal termination in a precisely controlled fashion, because endocytosis can package the PIP3 signal into discrete units that PTEN will erase. We explore how PTEN can bridge the worlds of endocytosis and PI3K signaling and discuss progress on how PI3K/AKT signaling can be acting from internal membranes. We discuss how the PTEN/PI3K system for growth control may have emerged from principles of endocytosis, and how this development could have affected the evolution of multicellular organisms.

Item Type: Paper
Subjects: bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification > protein types > PTEN
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell functions > cell signaling
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Trotman lab
Watson School
Watson School > Publications
Depositing User: Adrian Gomez
Date: 9 December 2019
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2019 15:55
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2019 15:55
Related URLs:
URI: https://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/38778

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