Sp1 and thyroid hormone receptor differentially activate expression of human growth hormone and chorionic somatomammotropin genes

Tansey, W. P., Catanzaro, D. F. (May 1991) Sp1 and thyroid hormone receptor differentially activate expression of human growth hormone and chorionic somatomammotropin genes. J Biol Chem, 266 (15). pp. 9805-13. ISSN 0021-9258 (Print)0021-9258 (Linking)

URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2033067

Abstract

Activation of hGH-1 expression is mediated by the pituitary-specific transcription factor GHF-I/Pit-I which binds the 5'-flanking DNA at two sites: I (-96/-70) and II (-134/-106). Although the factor(s) which direct the placental-specific expression of hCS-1 are not known, hCS-1 sequences are transcriptionally active in pituitary cells. In the present study we examined the effects of sequence differences between hGH-1 and hCS-1 5'-flanking DNAs in determining their basal and thyroid hormone-regulated promoter activities. We showed that Sp1 is a major determinant of both hGH-1 and hCS-1 promoter activities and that in hGH-1, binding and activation by Sp1 are modulated by interference from GHF-I/Pit-1 binding at the adjacent site II sequence. A single base which differed in site II of hCS-1 greatly reduced GHF-1/Pit-1 binding and thus facilitated binding and activation by Sp1. Further differences in promoter activity of hGH-1 and hCS-1 sequences were accounted for by a thyroid hormone-responsive element between -62/-48 in the hCS-1 gene. However, induction by T3 was independent of either Sp1 or GH-1/Pit-1 binding in the site II region. These data demonstrate that a small number of base changes between hGH and hCS promoter sequences subserve a number of mechanisms which may differentially modulate the expression of hGH and hCS genes.

Item Type: Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: Base Sequence Chloramphenicol O-Acetyltransferase/genetics DNA Fingerprinting DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism *Gene Expression Regulation Growth Hormone/*genetics Humans Methylation Molecular Sequence Data Placental Lactogen/*genetics Plasmids Receptors, Thyroid Hormone/*metabolism Sp1 Transcription Factor/*metabolism Thyroid Hormones/pharmacology Transcription Factor Pit-1 Transcription Factors/metabolism Transfection
Subjects: bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > genes, structure and function > gene expression
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification > protein types > hormones > human growth hormone
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification > protein types > hormones > thyroid hormone
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification > protein types > transcription factor
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Tansey lab
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date: 25 May 1991
Date Deposited: 10 Dec 2015 20:25
Last Modified: 10 Dec 2015 20:25
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/32148

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