The draft genome of the transgenic tropical fruit tree papaya (Carica papaya Linnaeus)

Ming, R., Hou, S., Feng, Y., Yu, Q., Dionne-Laporte, A., Saw, J. H., Senin, P., Wang, W., Ly, B. V., Lewis, K. L. T., Salzberg, S. L., Feng, L., Jones, M. R., Skelton, R. L., Murray, J. E., Chen, C., Qian, W., Shen, J., Du, P., Eustice, M., Tong, E., Tang, H., Lyons, E., Paull, R. E., Michael, T. P., Wall, K., Rice, D. W., Albert, H., Wang, M. L., Zhu, Y. J., Schatz, M., Nagarajan, N., Acob, R. A., Guan, P., Blas, A., Wai, C. M., Ackerman, C. M., Ren, Y., Liu, C., Wang, J., Na, J. K., Shakirov, E. V., Haas, B., Thimmapuram, J., Nelson, D., Wang, X., Bowers, J. E., Gschwend, A. R., Delcher, A. L., Singh, R., Suzuki, J. Y., Tripathi, S., Neupane, K., Wei, H., Irikura, B., Paidi, M., Jiang, N., Zhang, W., Presting, G., Windsor, A., Navajas-Pérez, R., Torres, M. J., Feltus, F. A., Porter, B., Li, Y., Burroughs, A. M., Luo, M. C., Liu, L., Christopher, D. A., Mount, S. M., Moore, P. H., Sugimura, T., Jiang, J., Schuler, M. A., Friedman, V., Mitchell-Olds, T., Shippen, D. E., Depamphilis, C. W., Palmer, J. D., Freeling, M., Paterson, A. H., Gonsalves, D., Wang, L., Alam, M. (2008) The draft genome of the transgenic tropical fruit tree papaya (Carica papaya Linnaeus). Nature, 452 (7190). pp. 991-996. ISSN 00280836 (ISSN)

URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18432245
DOI: 10.1038/nature06856

Abstract

Papaya, a fruit crop cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions, is known for its nutritional benefits and medicinal applications. Here we report a 3× draft genome sequence of 'SunUp' papaya, the first commercial virus-resistant transgenic fruit tree to be sequenced. The papaya genome is three times the size of the Arabidopsis genome, but contains fewer genes, including significantly fewer disease-resistance gene analogues. Comparison of the five sequenced genomes suggests a minimal angiosperm gene set of 13,311. A lack of recent genome duplication, atypical of other angiosperm genomes sequenced so far, may account for the smaller papaya gene number in most functional groups. Nonetheless, striking amplifications in gene number within particular functional groups suggest roles in the evolution of tree-like habit, deposition and remobilization of starch reserves, attraction of seed dispersal agents, and adaptation to tropical daylengths. Transgenesis at three locations is closely associated with chloroplast insertions into the nuclear genome, and with topoisomerase I recognition sites. Papaya offers numerous advantages as a system for fruit-tree functional genomics, and this draft genome sequence provides the foundation for revealing the basis of Carica's distinguishing morpho-physiological, medicinal and nutritional properties. ©2008 Nature Publishing Group.

Item Type: Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: disease resistance evergreen tree genetic analysis genome seed dispersal transgenic plant virus angiosperm article gene amplification gene identification gene number gene sequence papaya priority journal transgenics Arabidopsis Carica Contig Mapping Databases, Genetic Genes, Plant Genome, Plant Molecular Sequence Data Plants, Genetically Modified Sequence Alignment Sequence Analysis, DNA Transcription Factors Tropical Climate Carica papaya Magnoliophyta
Subjects: bioinformatics
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > genomes
organism description > plant
CSHL Authors:
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date: 2008
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2013 18:12
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2013 18:12
PMCID: PMC2836516
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/27825

Actions (login required)

Administrator's edit/view item Administrator's edit/view item
CSHL HomeAbout CSHLResearchEducationNews & FeaturesCampus & Public EventsCareersGiving