Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21 modulates the DNA primer-template recognition complex

Waga, S., Stillman, B. (1998) Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21 modulates the DNA primer-template recognition complex. Molecular and Cellular Biology, 18 (7). pp. 4177-87. ISSN 0270-7306

URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9632802

Abstract

The p21 protein, a cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor, is capable of binding to both cyclin-CDK and the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). Through its binding to PCNA, p21 can regulate the function of PCNA differentially in replication and repair. To gain an understanding of the precise mechanism by which p21 affects PCNA function, we have designed a new assay for replication factor C (RFC)-catalyzed loading of PCNA onto DNA, a method that utilizes a primer-template DNA attached to agarose beads via biotin-streptavidin. Using this assay, we showed that RFC remains transiently associated with PCNA on the DNA after the loading reaction. Addition of p21 did not inhibit RFC-dependent PCNA loading; rather, p21 formed a stable complex with PCNA on the DNA. In contrast, the formation of a p21-PCNA complex on the DNA resulted in the displacement of RFC from the DNA. The nonhydrolyzable analogs of ATP, adenosine-5'-O-(3-thiotriphosphate) (ATPgammaS) and adenyl-imidodiphosphate, each stabilized the primer recognition complex containing RFC and PCNA in the absence of p21. RFC in the ATPgammaS-activated complex was no longer displaced from the DNA by p21. We propose that p21 stimulates the dissociation of the RFC from the PCNA-DNA complex in a process that requires ATP hydrolysis and then inhibits subsequent PCNA-dependent events in DNA replication. The data suggest that the conformation of RFC in the primer recognition complex might change on hydrolysis of ATP. We also suggest that the p21-PCNA complex that remains attached to DNA might function to tether cyclin-CDK complexes to specific regions of the genome.

Item Type: Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adenosine Triphosphate/analogs & derivatives pharmacology Adenylyl Imidodiphosphate pharmacology Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21 Cyclins metabolism DNA Primers DNA Replication DNA-Binding Proteins metabolism Enzyme Inhibitors metabolism Homeodomain Proteins Humans Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen metabolism Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 Recombinant Fusion Proteins metabolism Replication Factor A Replication Factor C Repressor Proteins Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins Templates Genetic
Subjects: bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > DNA replication
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > genes, structure and function > genes: types > p21
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Stillman lab
Highlight: Stillman, Bruce W.
Depositing User: CSHL Librarian
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2012 20:56
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2017 19:26
PMCID: PMC109002
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/25132

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