Internally-controlled and dynamic optical measures of functional tumor biology

Chung, Taemoon, Garcia, Libia, Swamynathan, Manojit M, Froeling, Fieke EM, Trotman, Lloyd C, Tuveson, David A, Lyons, Scott K (May 2022) Internally-controlled and dynamic optical measures of functional tumor biology. bioRxiv.

DOI: 10.1101/2022.05.30.493733


Imaging defined aspects of functional tumor biology with bioluminescent reporter transgenes is a popular approach amongst the research community in drug development, as it is sensitive, relatively high-throughput and low cost. However, the lack of internal controls subject functional bioluminescence to a number of unpredictable variables that reduce this powerful tool to semi-quantitative interpretation of large-scale effects. Here we report the generation of sensitive and quantitative live reporters for two key measures of functional cancer biology and pharmacologic stress: the cell cycle and oxidative stress. We developed a two-colored readout, where two independent enzymes convert a common imaging substrate into spectrally distinguishable light. The signal intensity of one color is dependent upon biological state, whereas the other color is constitutively expressed. The ratio of emitted colored light corrects the functional signal for independent procedural variables, substantially improving the robustness and interpretation of relatively low-fold changes in functional signal intensity after drug treatment. The application of these readouts in vitro is highly advantageous, as peak cell response to therapy can now be readily visualized for single or combination treatments and not simply assessed at an arbitrary and destructive timepoint. Spectral imaging in vivo can be challenging, but we also present evidence to show that the reporters can work in this context as well. Collectively, the development and validation of these internally controlled reporters allow researchers to robustly and dynamically visualize tumor cell biology in response to treatment. Given the prevalence of bioluminescence imaging, this presents significant and much needed opportunities for preclinical therapeutic development.

Item Type: Paper
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Lyons lab
CSHL labs > Trotman lab
CSHL labs > Tuveson lab
SWORD Depositor: CSHL Elements
Depositing User: CSHL Elements
Date: 31 May 2022
Date Deposited: 08 Sep 2022 22:34
Last Modified: 02 May 2024 13:21

Actions (login required)

Administrator's edit/view item Administrator's edit/view item
CSHL HomeAbout CSHLResearchEducationNews & FeaturesCampus & Public EventsCareersGiving