Sorghum root epigenetic landscape during limiting phosphorus conditions

Gladman, Nicholas, Hufnagel, Barbara, Regulski, Michael, Liu, Zhigang, Wang, Xiaofei, Chougule, Kapeel, Kochian, Leon, Magalhães, Jurandir, Ware, Doreen (May 2022) Sorghum root epigenetic landscape during limiting phosphorus conditions. Plant Direct, 6 (5). e393. ISSN 2475-4455

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URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35600998
DOI: 10.1002/pld3.393

Abstract

Efficient acquisition and use of available phosphorus from the soil is crucial for plant growth, development, and yield. With an ever-increasing acreage of croplands with suboptimal available soil phosphorus, genetic improvement of sorghum germplasm for enhanced phosphorus acquisition from soil is crucial to increasing agricultural output and reducing inputs, while confronted with a growing world population and uncertain climate. Sorghum bicolor is a globally important commodity for food, fodder, and forage. Known for robust tolerance to heat, drought, and other abiotic stresses, its capacity for optimal phosphorus use efficiency (PUE) is still being investigated for optimized root system architectures (RSA). Whilst a few RSA-influencing genes have been identified in sorghum and other grasses, the epigenetic impact on expression and tissue-specific activation of candidate PUE genes remains elusive. Here, we present transcriptomic, epigenetic, and regulatory network profiling of RSA modulation in the BTx623 sorghum background in response to limiting phosphorus (LP) conditions. We show that during LP, sorghum RSA is remodeled to increase root length and surface area, likely enhancing its ability to acquire P. Global DNA 5-methylcytosine and H3K4 and H3K27 trimethylation levels decrease in response to LP, while H3K4me3 peaks and DNA hypomethylated regions contain recognition motifs of numerous developmental and nutrient responsive transcription factors that display disparate expression patterns between different root tissues (primary root apex, elongation zone, and lateral root apex).

Item Type: Paper
Subjects: organism description > plant behavior > crop yield improvement
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > epigenetics
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > epigenetics
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > tissues types and functions > root
organism description > plant > sorghum
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Ware lab
SWORD Depositor: CSHL Elements
Depositing User: CSHL Elements
Date: 14 May 2022
Date Deposited: 25 May 2022 14:54
Last Modified: 25 May 2022 14:54
PMCID: PMC9107021
URI: https://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/40619

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