Analysis of RNA-Seq Data Using TEtranscripts

Jin, Y., Hammell, M. (February 2018) Analysis of RNA-Seq Data Using TEtranscripts. Methods Mol Biol, 1751. pp. 153-167. ISSN 1064-3745

DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4939-7710-9_11


Transposable elements (TE) are mobile genetic elements that can readily change their genomic position. When not properly silenced, TEs can contribute a substantial portion to the cell's transcriptome, but are typically ignored in most RNA-seq data analyses. One reason for leaving TE-derived reads out of RNA-seq analyses is the complexities involved in properly aligning short sequencing reads to these highly repetitive regions. Here we describe a method for including TE-derived reads in RNA-seq differential expression analysis using an open source software package called TEtranscripts. TEtranscripts is designed to assign both uniquely and ambiguously mapped reads to all possible gene and TE-derived transcripts in order to statistically infer the correct gene/TE abundances. Here, we provide a detailed tutorial of TEtranscripts using a published qPCR validated dataset.Barbara McClintock laid the foundation for TE research with her discoveries in maize of mobile genetic elements capable of inserting into novel locations in the genome, altering the expression of nearby genes [1]. Since then, our appreciation of the contribution of repetitive TE-derived sequences to eukaryotic genomes has vastly increased. With the publication of the first human genome draft by the Human Genome Project, it was determined that nearly half of the human genome is derived from TE sequences [2, 3], with varying levels of repetitive DNA present in most plant and animal species. More recent studies looking at distantly related TE-like sequences have estimated that up to two thirds of the human genome might be repeat-derived [4], with the vast majority of these sequences attributed to retrotransposons that require transcription as part of the mobilization process, as discussed below.

Item Type: Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: DESeq Differential expression analysis RNA-seq Star TEtranscripts Transposable elements
Subjects: Investigative techniques and equipment > assays > RNA-seq
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > DNA expression > transposable elements
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL Cancer Center Program > Gene Regulation and Cell Proliferation
CSHL labs > Hammell M. lab
CSHL Cancer Center Program > Cancer Genetics and Genomics Program
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date: February 2018
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2018 20:28
Last Modified: 05 Nov 2020 19:18
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