Functionalized membrane supports for covalent protein microsequence analysis

Coull, J. M., Pappin, D. J., Mark, J., Aebersold, R., Koster, H. (April 1991) Functionalized membrane supports for covalent protein microsequence analysis. Anal Biochem, 194 (1). pp. 110-20. ISSN 0003-2697 (Print)0003-2697 (Linking)

DOI: 10.1016/0003-2697(91)90157-O


Methods were developed for high yield covalent attachment of peptides and proteins to isothiocyanate and arylamine-derivatized poly(vinylidene difluoride) membranes for solid-phase sequence analysis. Solutions of protein or peptide were dried onto 8-mm membrane disks such that the functional groups on the surface and the polypeptide were brought into close proximity. In the case of the isothiocyanate membrane, reaction between polypeptide amino groups and the surface isothiocyanate moieties was promoted by application of aqueous N-methylmorpholine. Attachment of proteins and peptides to the arylamine surface was achieved by application of water-soluble carbodiimide in a pH 5.0 buffer. Edman degradation of covalently bound polypeptides was accomplished with initial and repetitive sequence yields ranging from 33 to 75% and 88.5 to 98.5%, respectively. The yields were independent of the sample load (20 pmol to greater than 1 nmol) for either surface. Significant loss of material was not observed when attachment residues were encountered during sequence runs. Application of bovine beta-lactoglobulin A chain, staphylococcus protein A, or the peptide melittin to the isothiocyanate membrane allowed for extended N-terminal sequence identification (35 residues from 20 pmol of beta-lactoglobulin). A number of synthetic and naturally occurring peptides were sequenced to the C-terminal residue following attachment to the arylamine surface. In one example, 10 micrograms of bovine alpha-casein was digested with staphylococcal protease V8 and the peptides were separated by reverse-phase chromatography. Peptide fractions were then directly applied to arylamine membrane disks for covalent sequence analysis. From as little as 2 pmol of initial signal it was possible to determine substantial sequence information (greater than 10 residues).

Item Type: Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: Amines/metabolism Amino Acid Sequence Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid Iodine Radioisotopes/diagnostic use Isothiocyanates Membranes, Artificial Molecular Sequence Data Peptides/analysis/isolation & purification/metabolism Polyvinyls Proteins/ analysis/metabolism Thiocyanates/metabolism
Subjects: bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Pappin lab
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date: April 1991
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2014 19:56
Last Modified: 18 Sep 2014 19:56
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