Design, synthesis, and application of a protein A mimetic

Li, R., Dowd, V., Stewart, D. J., Burton, S. J., Lowe, C. R. (February 1998) Design, synthesis, and application of a protein A mimetic. Nature Biotechnology, 16 (2). pp. 190-5. ISSN 1087-0156

DOI: 10.1038/nbt0298-190


Low-molecular-weight synthetic molecules that mimic the activity of native biological macromolecules have therapeutic potential, utility in large-scale production of biopharmaceuticals, and the capacity to act as probes to study molecular recognition events. We have developed a nonpeptidyl mimic for Staphylococcus aureus Protein A (SpA). The specific recognition and complexation elements between the B domain (Fb) of SpA and the Fc fragment of IgG were identified from the x-ray crystallographic structure. Computer-aided molecular modeling was used to design a series of biomimetic molecules around the Phe132-Tyr133 dipeptide involved in its binding to IgG. One of the ligands binds IgG competitively with SpA in solution and when immobilized on agarose beads, with an affinity constant of 10(5)-10(6) M-1. The immobilized artificial Protein A was used to purify IgG from human plasma and murine IgG from ascites fluid, and to remove bovine IgG from fetal calf serum.

Item Type: Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: Animals Antibodies/isolation & purification Cattle Chromatography, Affinity Computer-Aided Design Crystallography, X-Ray *Drug Design Humans Hydrogen-Ion Concentration Immunoglobulin G/metabolism Ligands Mice Models, Molecular *Molecular Mimicry Osmolar Concentration Protein Conformation Staphylococcal Protein A/*chemistry/metabolism
Subjects: bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > design > protein design
biotechnology > chromatography > Protein A chromatography
biotechnology > chromatography > affinity chromatography > Protein A chromatography
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification > protein types
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Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date: February 1998
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2014 20:37
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2014 20:37
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