Recent advances in rice biotechnology-towards genetically superior transgenic rice

Bajaj, S., Mohanty, A. (May 2005) Recent advances in rice biotechnology-towards genetically superior transgenic rice. Plant Biotechnology Journal, 3 (3). pp. 275-307. ISSN 1467-7644

DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-7652.2005.00130.x


Rice biotechnology has made rapid advances since the first transgenic rice plants were produced 15 years ago. Over the past decade, this progress has resulted in the development of high frequency, routine and reproducible genetic transformation protocols for rice. This technology has been applied to produce rice plants that withstand several abiotic stresses, as well as to gain tolerance against various pests and diseases. In addition, quality improving and increased nutritional value traits have also been introduced into rice. Most of these gains were not possible through conventional breeding technologies. Transgenic rice system has been used to understand the process of transformation itself, the integration pattern of transgene as well as to modulate gene expression. Field trials of transgenic rice, especially insect-resistant rice, have recently been performed and several other studies that are prerequisite for safe release of transgenic crops have been initiated. New molecular improvisations such as inducible expression of transgene and selectable marker-free technology will help in producing superior transgenic product. It is also a step towards alleviating public concerns relating to issues of transgenic technology and to gain regulatory approval. Knowledge gained from rice can also be applied to improve other cereals. The completion of the rice genome sequencing together with a rich collection of full-length cDNA resources has opened up a plethora of opportunities, paving the way to integrate data from the large-scale projects to solve specific biological problems.

Item Type: Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: agronomic improvement biosafety genetic transformation marker-free transgenics nutritional improvement Oryza sativa transgenic rice ORYZA-SATIVA L. Oryza Sativa L. AGROBACTERIUM-MEDIATED TRANSFORMATION agrobacterium mediated transformation SYNTHETIC synthetic CRY1AB gene YELLOW STEM BORER yellow stem borer ELITE INDICA RICE elite indica rice CONFERS ENHANCED RESISTANCE VECTOR BACKBONE SEQUENCES vector backbone sequences FUNGUS MAGNAPORTHE-GRISEA fungus magnaporthe grisea PROTOPORPHYRINOGEN OXIDASE GENE protoporphyrinogen oxidase gene THURINGIENSIS DELTA-ENDOTOXIN thuringiensis delta endotoxin
Subjects: organism description > plant > rice
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > transgenic plants
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Jackson lab
Depositing User: CSHL Librarian
Date: May 2005
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2012 15:39
Last Modified: 02 May 2018 15:45
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