The Plastid and Mitochondrial Peptidase Network in Arabidopsis thaliana: A Foundation for Testing Genetic Interactions and Functions in Organellar Proteostasis

Majsec, K., Bhuiyan, N. H., Sun, Q., Kumari, S., Kumar, V., Ware, D., van Wijk, K. J. (2017) The Plastid and Mitochondrial Peptidase Network in Arabidopsis thaliana: A Foundation for Testing Genetic Interactions and Functions in Organellar Proteostasis. Plant Cell. ISSN 1040-4651

URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28947489
DOI: 10.1105/tpc.17.00481

Abstract

Plant plastids and mitochondria have dynamic proteomes. Protein homeostasis in these organelles is maintained by a proteostasis network containing protein chaperones, peptidases and their substrate recognition factors. However, many peptidases, as well as their functional connections and substrates, are poorly characterized. This review provides a systematic insight into the organellar peptidase network in Arabidopsis. We present a compendium of known and putative Arabidopsis peptidases and inhibitors, and compare the distribution of plastid and mitochondrial peptidases to the total peptidase complement. This comparison shows striking biases, such as the (near) absence of cysteine and aspartic peptidases and peptidase inhibitors, whereas other peptidase families were exclusively organellar; reasons for such biases are discussed. A genome-wide mRNA-based co-expression data set was generated based on quality controlled and normalized public data, and used to infer additional plastid peptidases, and to generate a co-expression network for 97 organellar peptidase baits (1742 genes, making 2544 edges). The graphical network includes 10 modules with specialized/enriched functions, such as mitochondrial protein maturation, thermotolerance, senescence, or enriched subcellular locations such as the thylakoid lumen or chloroplast envelope. The peptidase compendium, including the autophagy and proteosomal systems, and the annotation based on the MEROPS nomenclature of peptidase clans and families, is incorporated into the Plant Proteome Database (PPDB).

Item Type: Paper
Subjects: organism description > plant > Arabidopsis
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > databases > databases
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Ware lab
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2017 19:19
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2017 19:19
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/35559

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