Randomized phase II study of gemcitabine and docetaxel compared with gemcitabine alone in patients with metastatic soft tissue sarcomas: results of sarcoma alliance for research through collaboration study 002 [corrected]

Maki, R. G., Wathen, J. K., Patel, S. R., Priebat, D. A., Okuno, S. H., Samuels, B., Fanucchi, M., Harmon, D. C., Schuetze, S. M., Reinke, D., Thall, P. F., Benjamin, R. S., Baker, L. H., Hensley, M. L. (July 2007) Randomized phase II study of gemcitabine and docetaxel compared with gemcitabine alone in patients with metastatic soft tissue sarcomas: results of sarcoma alliance for research through collaboration study 002 [corrected]. J Clin Oncol, 25 (19). pp. 2755-63. ISSN 1527-7755 (Electronic)0732-183X (Linking)

URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17602081
DOI: 10.1200/JCO.2006.10.4117

Abstract

PURPOSE: Gemcitabine as a single agent and the combination of gemcitabine and docetaxel have activity in patients with metastatic soft tissue sarcoma. To determine if the addition of docetaxel to gemcitabine improved clinical outcome of patients with metastatic soft tissue sarcomas, we compared a fixed dose rate infusion of gemcitabine versus a lower dose of gemcitabine with docetaxel. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this open-label phase II clinical trial, the primary end point was tumor response, defined as complete or partial response or stable disease lasting at least 24 weeks. A Bayesian adaptive randomization procedure was used to produce an imbalance in the randomization in favor of the superior treatment, accounting for treatment-subgroup interactions. RESULTS: One hundred nineteen of 122 randomly assigned patients had assessable outcomes. The adaptive randomization assigned 73 patients (60%) to gemcitabine-docetaxel and 49 patients (40%) to gemcitabine alone, indicating gemcitabine-docetaxel was superior. The objective Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors response rates were 16% (gemcitabine-docetaxel) and 8% (gemcitabine). Given the data, the posterior probabilities that gemcitabine-docetaxel was superior for progression-free and overall survival were 0.98 and 0.97, respectively. Median progression-free survival was 6.2 months for gemcitabine-docetaxel and 3.0 months for gemcitabine alone; median overall survival was 17.9 months for gemcitabine-docetaxel and 11.5 months for gemcitabine. The posterior probability that patients receiving gemcitabine-docetaxel had a shorter time to discontinuation for toxicity compared with gemcitabine alone was .999. CONCLUSION: Gemcitabine-docetaxel yielded superior progression-free and overall survival to gemcitabine alone, but with increased toxicity. Adaptive randomization is an effective method to reduce the number of patients receiving inferior therapy.

Item Type: Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adult Aged Aged, 80 and over Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/*therapeutic use Bayes Theorem Deoxycytidine/administration & dosage/*analogs & derivatives Disease-Free Survival Female Humans Male Middle Aged Neoplasm Metastasis Sarcoma/*drug therapy Taxoids/*administration & dosage Treatment Outcome
Subjects: diseases & disorders > cancer > drugs and therapies
diseases & disorders > cancer > cancer types > sarcoma
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Maki lab
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date: 1 July 2007
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2016 19:26
Last Modified: 26 Oct 2016 19:26
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/33676

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