Telomerase activity and telomerase subunits gene expression patterns in neuroblastoma: A molecular and immunohistochemical study establishing prognostic tools for fresh-frozen and paraffin-embedded tissues

Poremba, C., Scheel, C., Hero, B., Christiansen, H., Schaefer, K. L., Nakayama, J., Berthold, F., Juergens, H., Boecker, W., Dockhorn-Dworniczak, B. (July 2000) Telomerase activity and telomerase subunits gene expression patterns in neuroblastoma: A molecular and immunohistochemical study establishing prognostic tools for fresh-frozen and paraffin-embedded tissues. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 18 (13). pp. 2582-2592. ISSN 0732-183X

URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10893290

Abstract

Purpose: We have recently demonstrated that telomerase activity (TA) is an independent prognostic factor in neuroblastomas. in the present study, the prognostic impact of TA and gene expression of the three major telomerase subunits is evaluated by molecular and immunohistochemical techniques in fresh-frozen and paraffin-embedded tissues. Patients and Methods: One hundred thirty-three neuroblastomas of all stages were analyzed for TA, The TA levels of 75 neuroblastoma cases were correlated with gene expression of telomerase subunits hTRT, human telomerase RNA (hTR), and telomerase protein 1 (TP1) by quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), using an innovative approach on the LightCycler instrument (Roche Diagnostics, Mannheim, Germany). For selected cases, the applicability of RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry for hTRT expression analysis was investigated in paraffin-embedded tissues. TA and subunit expression patterns were correlated with traditional prognostic indicators and disease outcome. Results: TA was present in a total of 39 (29.3%) of 133 neuroblastomas and in 31 (29.8%) of 104 initial neuroblastomas without cytotoxic pretreatment, TA was significantly correlated with both event-free and overall survival (P <.0001), Furthermore, we found a significant correlation between expression levels of TA and hTRT (P <.0001) as well as hTR (P <.001), Multivariate analysis revealed only TA and tumor stage but not serum lactate dehydrogenase, MYCN amplification, or age at diagnosis as independent prognostic factors. Conclusion: The significant correlation with clinical outcome strongly recommends that analysis of TA be incorporated into the clinical investigation of each individual neuroblastoma at the time of diagnosis. Because the mere presence or absence of TA without further quantification is sufficient basis for predicting disease outcome, the telomeric repeat amplification protocol assay could be complemented with but not replaced by analysis of hTRT or hTR expression. J Clin Oncol 18:2582-2592, (C) 2000 by American Society of Clinical Oncology.

Item Type: Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: CATALYTIC SUBUNIT N-MYC BREAST-LESIONS MESSENGER-RNA TUMOR AMPLIFICATION CANCER CELLS MARKER HTERT
Subjects: diseases & disorders > cancer
Investigative techniques and equipment
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > genes, structure and function > gene expression
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > genes, structure and function
Investigative techniques and equipment > microscopy
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification > protein types > enzymes > telomerase
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > telomeres
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Grewal lab
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date: July 2000
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2014 21:40
Last Modified: 28 Jan 2014 21:40
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/29450

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