Tumor Cytokine-Induced Hepatic Gluconeogenesis Contributes to Cancer Cachexia: Insights from Full Body Single Nuclei Sequencing

Liu, Ying, Dantas, Ezequiel, Ferrer, Miriam, Liu, Yifang, Comjean, Aram, Davidson, Emma E, Hu, Yanhui, Goncalves, Marcus D, Janowitz, Tobias, Perrimon, Norbert (May 2023) Tumor Cytokine-Induced Hepatic Gluconeogenesis Contributes to Cancer Cachexia: Insights from Full Body Single Nuclei Sequencing. bioRxiv. (Submitted)

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URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/37292804
DOI: 10.1101/2023.05.15.540823


A primary cause of death in cancer patients is cachexia, a wasting syndrome attributed to tumor-induced metabolic dysregulation. Despite the major impact of cachexia on the treatment, quality of life, and survival of cancer patients, relatively little is known about the underlying pathogenic mechanisms. Hyperglycemia detected in glucose tolerance test is one of the earliest metabolic abnormalities observed in cancer patients; however, the pathogenesis by which tumors influence blood sugar levels remains poorly understood. Here, utilizing a Drosophila model, we demonstrate that the tumor secreted interleukin-like cytokine Upd3 induces fat body expression of Pepck1 and Pdk , two key regulatory enzymes of gluconeogenesis, contributing to hyperglycemia. Our data further indicate a conserved regulation of these genes by IL-6/JAK STAT signaling in mouse models. Importantly, in both fly and mouse cancer cachexia models, elevated gluconeogenesis gene levels are associated with poor prognosis. Altogether, our study uncovers a conserved role of Upd3/IL-6/JAK-STAT signaling in inducing tumor-associated hyperglycemia, which provides insights into the pathogenesis of IL-6 signaling in cancer cachexia.

Item Type: Paper
Subjects: organism description > animal > insect > Drosophila
diseases & disorders > nutritional and metabolic diseases > cachexia
diseases & disorders > inflammation > cytokines
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Borniger lab
CSHL labs > Janowitz lab
SWORD Depositor: CSHL Elements
Depositing User: CSHL Elements
Date: 18 May 2023
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2023 17:14
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2023 17:14
PMCID: PMC10245574
Related URLs:
URI: https://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/41027

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