Two independent approaches converge to the cloning of a new Leptosphaeria maculans avirulence effector gene, AvrLmS-Lep2.

Xiang Neik, Ting, Ghanbarnia, Kaveh, Ollivier, Bénédicte, Scheben, Armin, Severn-Ellis, Anita, Larkan, Nicholas J, Haddadi, Parham, Fernando, Dilantha WG, Rouxel, Thierry, Batley, Jacqueline, Borhan, Hossein M, Balesdent, Marie-Hélène (March 2022) Two independent approaches converge to the cloning of a new Leptosphaeria maculans avirulence effector gene, AvrLmS-Lep2. Molecular Plant Pathology. ISSN 1464-6722

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DOI: 10.1111/mpp.13194


Brassica napus (oilseed rape, canola) seedling resistance to Leptosphaeria maculans, the causal agent of blackleg (stem canker) disease, follows a gene-for-gene relationship. The avirulence genes AvrLmS and AvrLep2 were described to be perceived by the resistance genes RlmS and LepR2, respectively, present in B. napus 'Surpass 400'. Here we report cloning of AvrLmS and AvrLep2 using two independent methods. AvrLmS was cloned using combined in vitro crossing between avirulent and virulent isolates with sequencing of DNA bulks from avirulent or virulent progeny (bulked segregant sequencing). AvrLep2 was cloned using a biparental cross of avirulent and virulent L. maculans isolates and a classical map-based cloning approach. Taking these two approaches independently, we found that AvrLmS and AvrLep2 are the same gene. Complementation of virulent isolates with this gene confirmed its role in inducing resistance on Surpass 400, Topas-LepR2, and an RlmS-line. The gene, renamed AvrLmS-Lep2, encodes a small cysteine-rich protein of unknown function with an N-terminal secretory signal peptide, which is a common feature of the majority of effectors from extracellular fungal plant pathogens. The AvrLmS-Lep2/LepR2 interaction phenotype was found to vary from a typical hypersensitive response through intermediate resistance sometimes towards susceptibility, depending on the inoculation conditions. AvrLmS-Lep2 was nevertheless sufficient to significantly slow the systemic growth of the pathogen and reduce the stem lesion size on plant genotypes with LepR2, indicating the potential efficiency of this resistance to control the disease in the field.

Item Type: Paper
Subjects: Investigative techniques and equipment
organism description > plant behavior
Investigative techniques and equipment > assays
Investigative techniques and equipment > cloning
Investigative techniques and equipment > assays > cloning
organism description > plant behavior > crop yield improvement
organism description > plant
CSHL Authors:
SWORD Depositor: CSHL Elements
Depositing User: CSHL Elements
Date: 3 March 2022
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2022 14:43
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2024 19:23
PMCID: PMC8995059

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