Enduring effects of perinatal nicotine exposure on murine sleep in adulthood

Borniger, J. C., Don, R. F., Zhang, N., Boyd, R. T., Nelson, R. J. (September 2017) Enduring effects of perinatal nicotine exposure on murine sleep in adulthood. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol, 313 (3). R280-R289. ISSN 1522-1490 (Electronic)0363-6119 (Linking)

URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28637659
DOI: 10.1152/ajpregu.00156.2017


The long-term consequences of early life nicotine exposure are poorly defined. Approximately 8-10% of women report smoking during pregnancy, and this may promote aberrant development in the offspring. To this end, we investigated potential enduring effects of perinatal nicotine exposure on murine sleep and affective behaviors in adulthood (~13-15 wk of age) in C57Bl6j mice. Mothers received a water bottle containing 200 microg/ml nicotine bitartrate dihydrate in 2% wt/vol saccharin or pH-matched 2% saccharin with 0.2% (vol/vol) tartaric acid throughout pregnancy and before weaning. Upon reaching adulthood, offspring were tested in the open field and elevated plus maze, as well as the forced swim and sucrose anhedonia tests. Nicotine-exposed male (but not female) mice had reduced mobility in the open field, but no differences were observed in anxiety-like or depressive-like responses. Upon observing this male-specific phenotype, we further assessed sleep-wake states via wireless EEG/EMG telemetry. Following baseline recording, we assessed whether mice exposed to nicotine altered their homeostatic response to 5 h of total sleep deprivation and whether nicotine influenced responses to a powerful somnogen [i.e., lipopolysaccharides (LPS)]. Males exposed to perinatal nicotine decreased the percent time spent awake and increased time in non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep, without changes to REM sleep. Nicotine-exposed males also displayed exaggerated responses (increased time asleep and NREM spectral power) to sleep deprivation. Nicotine-exposed animals additionally had blunted EEG slow-wave responses to LPS administration. Together, our data suggest that perinatal nicotine exposure has long-lasting effects on normal sleep and homeostatic sleep processes into adulthood.

Item Type: Paper
Subjects: diseases & disorders > mental disorders > anxiety disorders
organism description > animal behavior > REM sleep
diseases & disorders > mental disorders > mood disorders > depression
organism description > animal > mammal > rodent > mouse
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Borniger lab
Depositing User: Adrian Gomez
Date: 1 September 2017
Date Deposited: 03 Jan 2020 17:51
Last Modified: 03 Jan 2020 17:51
PMCID: PMC5625280
Related URLs:
URI: https://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/38845

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