Clinical applications of 3D normal and breast cancer organoids: A review of concepts and methods

Lewis, Steven M, Callaway, Mackenzie K, Dos Santos, Camila O (November 2022) Clinical applications of 3D normal and breast cancer organoids: A review of concepts and methods. Experimental Biology and Medicine. p. 15353702221131877. ISSN 1535-3702

DOI: 10.1177/15353702221131877


While mouse models and two-dimensional (2D) cell culture systems have dominated as research tools for cancer biology, three-dimensional (3D) cultures have gained traction as a new approach that retains features of in vivo biology within an in vitro system. Over time, 3D culture systems have evolved from spheroids and tumorspheres to organoids, and by doing so, they have become more complex and representative of original tissue. Such technological improvements have mostly benefited the study of heterogeneous solid tumors, like those found in breast cancer (BC), by providing an attractive avenue for scalable drug testing and biobank generation. Experimentally, organoids have been used in the BC field to dissect mechanisms related to cellular invasion and metastasis-and through co-culture methods-epithelial interactions with stromal and immune cells. In addition, organoid studies of wild-type mouse models and healthy donor samples have provided insight into the basic developmental cellular and molecular biology of the mammary gland, which may inform one's understanding of the initial stages of cancer development and progression.

Item Type: Paper
Subjects: diseases & disorders > cancer > cancer types > breast cancer
Investigative techniques and equipment > cell culture > cancer organoids
Investigative techniques and equipment > cell culture
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Dos Santos lab
SWORD Depositor: CSHL Elements
Depositing User: CSHL Elements
Date: 19 November 2022
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2022 17:05
Last Modified: 12 Dec 2022 17:05

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