The complete sequence of a human genome

Nurk, Sergey, Koren, Sergey, Rhie, Arang, Rautiainen, Mikko, Bzikadze, Andrey V, Mikheenko, Alla, Vollger, Mitchell R, Altemose, Nicolas, Uralsky, Lev, Gershman, Ariel, Aganezov, Sergey, Hoyt, Savannah J, Diekhans, Mark, Logsdon, Glennis A, Alonge, Michael, Antonarakis, Stylianos E, Borchers, Matthew, Bouffard, Gerard G, Brooks, Shelise Y, Caldas, Gina V, Chen, Nae-Chyun, Cheng, Haoyu, Chin, Chen-Shan, Chow, William, de Lima, Leonardo G, Dishuck, Philip C, Durbin, Richard, Dvorkina, Tatiana, Fiddes, Ian T, Formenti, Giulio, Fulton, Robert S, Fungtammasan, Arkarachai, Garrison, Erik, Grady, Patrick GS, Graves-Lindsay, Tina A, Hall, Ira M, Hansen, Nancy F, Hartley, Gabrielle A, Haukness, Marina, Howe, Kerstin, Hunkapiller, Michael W, Jain, Chirag, Jain, Miten, Jarvis, Erich D, Kerpedjiev, Peter, Kirsche, Melanie, Kolmogorov, Mikhail, Korlach, Jonas, Kremitzki, Milinn, Li, Heng, Maduro, Valerie V, Marschall, Tobias, McCartney, Ann M, McDaniel, Jennifer, Miller, Danny E, Mullikin, James C, Myers, Eugene W, Olson, Nathan D, Paten, Benedict, Peluso, Paul, Pevzner, Pavel A, Porubsky, David, Potapova, Tamara, Rogaev, Evgeny I, Rosenfeld, Jeffrey A, Salzberg, Steven L, Schneider, Valerie A, Sedlazeck, Fritz J, Shafin, Kishwar, Shew, Colin J, Shumate, Alaina, Sims, Ying, Smit, Arian FA, Soto, Daniela C, Sović, Ivan, Storer, Jessica M, Streets, Aaron, Sullivan, Beth A, Thibaud-Nissen, Françoise, Torrance, James, Wagner, Justin, Walenz, Brian P, Wenger, Aaron, Wood, Jonathan MD, Xiao, Chunlin, Yan, Stephanie M, Young, Alice C, Zarate, Samantha, Surti, Urvashi, McCoy, Rajiv C, Dennis, Megan Y, Alexandrov, Ivan A, Gerton, Jennifer L, O'Neill, Rachel J, Timp, Winston, Zook, Justin M, Schatz, Michael C, Eichler, Evan E, Miga, Karen H, Phillippy, Adam M (April 2022) The complete sequence of a human genome. Science, 376 (6588). pp. 44-53. ISSN 0036-8075

URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35357919
DOI: 10.1126/science.abj6987

Abstract

Since its initial release in 2000, the human reference genome has covered only the euchromatic fraction of the genome, leaving important heterochromatic regions unfinished. Addressing the remaining 8% of the genome, the Telomere-to-Telomere (T2T) Consortium presents a complete 3.055 billion-base pair sequence of a human genome, T2T-CHM13, that includes gapless assemblies for all chromosomes except Y, corrects errors in the prior references, and introduces nearly 200 million base pairs of sequence containing 1956 gene predictions, 99 of which are predicted to be protein coding. The completed regions include all centromeric satellite arrays, recent segmental duplications, and the short arms of all five acrocentric chromosomes, unlocking these complex regions of the genome to variational and functional studies.

Item Type: Paper
Subjects: bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics
organism description > animal > mammal > primates > hominids > human
Investigative techniques and equipment > assays > whole genome sequencing
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Schatz lab
SWORD Depositor: CSHL Elements
Depositing User: CSHL Elements
Date: 1 April 2022
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2022 14:20
Last Modified: 07 Apr 2022 14:20
URI: https://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/40570

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