Comparative cellular analysis of motor cortex in human, marmoset and mouse

Bakken, Trygve E, Jorstad, Nikolas L, Hu, Qiwen, Lake, Blue B, Tian, Wei, Kalmbach, Brian E, Crow, Megan, Hodge, Rebecca D, Krienen, Fenna M, Sorensen, Staci A, Eggermont, Jeroen, Yao, Zizhen, Aevermann, Brian D, Aldridge, Andrew I, Bartlett, Anna, Bertagnolli, Darren, Casper, Tamara, Castanon, Rosa G, Crichton, Kirsten, Daigle, Tanya L, Dalley, Rachel, Dee, Nick, Dembrow, Nikolai, Diep, Dinh, Ding, Song-Lin, Dong, Weixiu, Fang, Rongxin, Fischer, Stephan, Goldman, Melissa, Goldy, Jeff, Graybuck, Lucas T, Herb, Brian R, Hou, Xiaomeng, Kancherla, Jayaram, Kroll, Matthew, Lathia, Kanan, van Lew, Baldur, Li, Yang Eric, Liu, Christine S, Liu, Hanqing, Lucero, Jacinta D, Mahurkar, Anup, McMillen, Delissa, Miller, Jeremy A, Moussa, Marmar, Nery, Joseph R, Nicovich, Philip R, Niu, Sheng-Yong, Orvis, Joshua, Osteen, Julia K, Owen, Scott, Palmer, Carter R, Pham, Thanh, Plongthongkum, Nongluk, Poirion, Olivier, Reed, Nora M, Rimorin, Christine, Rivkin, Angeline, Romanow, William J, Sedeño-Cortés, Adriana E, Siletti, Kimberly, Somasundaram, Saroja, Sulc, Josef, Tieu, Michael, Torkelson, Amy, Tung, Herman, Wang, Xinxin, Xie, Fangming, Yanny, Anna Marie, Zhang, Renee, Ament, Seth A, Behrens, M Margarita, Bravo, Hector Corrada, Chun, Jerold, Dobin, Alexander, Gillis, Jesse, Hertzano, Ronna, Hof, Patrick R, Höllt, Thomas, Horwitz, Gregory D, Keene, C Dirk, Kharchenko, Peter V, Ko, Andrew L, Lelieveldt, Boudewijn P, Luo, Chongyuan, Mukamel, Eran A, Pinto-Duarte, António, Preissl, Sebastian, Regev, Aviv, Ren, Bing, Scheuermann, Richard H, Smith, Kimberly, Spain, William J, White, Owen R, Koch, Christof, Hawrylycz, Michael, Tasic, Bosiljka, Macosko, Evan Z, McCarroll, Steven A, Ting, Jonathan T, Zeng, Hongkui, Zhang, Kun, Feng, Guoping, Ecker, Joseph R, Linnarsson, Sten, Lein, Ed S (October 2021) Comparative cellular analysis of motor cortex in human, marmoset and mouse. Nature, 598 (7879). pp. 111-119. ISSN 0028-0836

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URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34616062
DOI: 10.1038/s41586-021-03465-8

Abstract

The primary motor cortex (M1) is essential for voluntary fine-motor control and is functionally conserved across mammals1. Here, using high-throughput transcriptomic and epigenomic profiling of more than 450,000 single nuclei in humans, marmoset monkeys and mice, we demonstrate a broadly conserved cellular makeup of this region, with similarities that mirror evolutionary distance and are consistent between the transcriptome and epigenome. The core conserved molecular identities of neuronal and non-neuronal cell types allow us to generate a cross-species consensus classification of cell types, and to infer conserved properties of cell types across species. Despite the overall conservation, however, many species-dependent specializations are apparent, including differences in cell-type proportions, gene expression, DNA methylation and chromatin state. Few cell-type marker genes are conserved across species, revealing a short list of candidate genes and regulatory mechanisms that are responsible for conserved features of homologous cell types, such as the GABAergic chandelier cells. This consensus transcriptomic classification allows us to use patch-seq (a combination of whole-cell patch-clamp recordings, RNA sequencing and morphological characterization) to identify corticospinal Betz cells from layer 5 in non-human primates and humans, and to characterize their highly specialized physiology and anatomy. These findings highlight the robust molecular underpinnings of cell-type diversity in M1 across mammals, and point to the genes and regulatory pathways responsible for the functional identity of cell types and their species-specific adaptations.

Item Type: Paper
Subjects: organism description > animal > mammal > primates > hominids > human
organism description > animal > mammal > primates > monkey > marmoset
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > tissues types and functions > motor cortex
organism description > animal > mammal > rodent > mouse
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Gillis Lab
CSHL labs > Dobin Lab
SWORD Depositor: CSHL Elements
Depositing User: CSHL Elements
Date: 6 October 2021
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2021 18:28
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2021 14:35
PMCID: PMC8494640
URI: https://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/40387

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