Cancer cell CCR2 orchestrates suppression of the adaptive immune response

Fein, Miriam, He, Xue-Yan, Almeida, Ana, Bružas, Emilis, Pommier, Arnaud, Yan, Ran, Eberhardt, Anaïs, Fearon, Douglas, Van Aelst, Linda, Wilkinson, John, dos Santos, Camila, Egeblad, Mikala (August 2018) Cancer cell CCR2 orchestrates suppression of the adaptive immune response. BioRxiv.

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DOI: 10.1101/390187

Abstract

ABSTRACT C-C chemokine receptor type 2 (CCR2) is expressed on monocytes and facilitates their recruitment to tumors. Although breast cancer cells also express CCR2, its functions in these cells are unclear. We found that Ccr2 deletion in cancer cells led to reduced tumor growth and ∼2-fold longer survival in an orthotopic isograft breast cancer mouse model. Deletion of Ccr2 in cancer cells resulted in multiple alterations associated with better immune control: increased infiltration and activation of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) and CD103+ cross-presenting dendritic cells (DCs), as well as upregulation of MHC class I and downregulation of checkpoint regulator PD-L1 on the cancer cells. Pharmacological inhibition of CCR2 increased cancer cell sensitivity to CTLs and enabled cancer cells to induce DC maturation toward the CD103+ subtype. Consistently, Ccr2 -/- cancer cells did not induce immune suppression in Batf3 -/- mice lacking the CD103+ DC subtype. Our results establish that CCR2 signaling in cancer cells can orchestrate suppression of the immune response. Summary C-C chemokine receptor type 2 (CCR2) expressed on monocytes facilitates their recruitment to tumors. Here, CCR2 signaling in cancer cells is shown to suppress immune control of tumors, in part by reducing CD103+ dendritic cell recruitment.

Item Type: Paper
Subjects: diseases & disorders > cancer
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types > immune cell
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types > immune cell
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types > immune cell
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Beyaz lab
CSHL labs > Dos Santos lab
CSHL labs > Egeblad lab
CSHL labs > Fearon lab
CSHL labs > Van Aelst lab
SWORD Depositor: CSHL Elements
Depositing User: CSHL Elements
Date: 13 August 2018
Date Deposited: 20 May 2021 20:44
Last Modified: 20 May 2021 20:44
URI: https://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/40110

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