In silico identification of thiostrepton as an inhibitor of cancer stem cell growth and an enhancer for chemotherapy in non-small-cell lung cancer

Huang, T. H., Wu, A. T. H., Cheng, T. S., Lin, K. T., Lai, C. J., Hsieh, H. W., Chang, P. M., Wu, C. W., Huang, C. F., Chen, K. Y. (October 2019) In silico identification of thiostrepton as an inhibitor of cancer stem cell growth and an enhancer for chemotherapy in non-small-cell lung cancer. J Cell Mol Med. ISSN 1582-1838

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URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31638335
DOI: 10.1111/jcmm.14689

Abstract

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) play an important role in cancer treatment resistance and disease progression. Identifying an effective anti-CSC agent may lead to improved disease control. We used CSC-associated gene signatures to identify drug candidates that may inhibit CSC growth by reversing the CSC gene signature. Thiostrepton, a natural cyclic oligopeptide antibiotic, was the top-ranked candidate. In non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells, thiostrepton inhibited CSC growth in vitro and reduced protein expression of cancer stemness markers, including CD133, Nanog and Oct4A. In addition, metastasis-associated Src tyrosine kinase signalling, cell migration and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) were all inhibited by thiostrepton. Mechanistically, thiostrepton treatment led to elevated levels of tumour suppressor miR-98. Thiostrepton combined with gemcitabine synergistically suppressed NSCLC cell growth and induced apoptosis. The inhibition of NSCLC tumours and CSC growth by thiostrepton was also demonstrated in vivo. Our findings indicate that thiostrepton, an established drug identified in silico, is an inhibitor of CSC growth and a potential enhancer of chemotherapy in NSCLC.

Item Type: Paper
Subjects: diseases & disorders > cancer > cancer types > lung cancer
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types > stem cells
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types > stem cells
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types > stem cells
CSHL Authors:
Depositing User: Matthew Dunn
Date: 22 October 2019
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2019 17:51
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2019 17:51
Related URLs:
URI: https://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/38651

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