Tumor mitotic rate, size, and location independently predict recurrence after resection of primary gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST)

Dematteo, R. P., Gold, J. S., Saran, L., Gonen, M., Liau, K. H., Maki, R. G., Singer, S., Besmer, P., Brennan, M. F., Antonescu, C. R. (February 2008) Tumor mitotic rate, size, and location independently predict recurrence after resection of primary gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). Cancer, 112 (3). pp. 608-15. ISSN 0008-543X (Print)0008-543X (Linking)

URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18076015
DOI: 10.1002/cncr.23199


BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is the most frequent sarcoma of the intestinal tract and often shows constitutive activation of either the KIT or PDGFRA receptor tyrosine kinases because of gain-of-function mutation. Although the efficacy of tyrosine kinase inhibitors in metastatic GIST depends on tumor mutation status, there have been conflicting reports on the prognostic importance of KIT mutation in primary GIST. METHODS: A total of 127 patients were studied who presented to our institution from 1983 to 2002 with localized primary GIST and underwent complete gross surgical resection of disease. The majority of tumors originated in the stomach (58%) or small intestine (28%). By using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and direct sequencing, a KIT mutation was found in 71% of patients and a PDGFRA mutation in 6%. RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 4.7 years, recurrence-free survival was 83%, 75%, and 63% at 1, 2, and 5 years, respectively. On multivariate analysis recurrence was predicted by > or =5 mitoses/50 high-power fields, tumor size > or =10 cm, and tumor location (with patients having small bowel GIST doing the worst). In particular, a high mitotic rate conferred a hazard rate of 14.6 (95% confidence interval, 6.5-32.4). Specific KIT mutations had prognostic importance by univariate but not multivariate analysis. Patients with KIT exon 11 point mutations and insertions had a favorable prognosis. Those with KIT exon 9 mutations or KIT exon 11 deletions involving amino acid W557 and/or K558 had a higher rate of recurrence, whereas patients without a tyrosine kinase mutation had intermediate outcome. CONCLUSIONS: In the absence of therapy with tyrosine kinase inhibitors, recurrence in completely resected primary GIST is independently predicted by mitotic rate, tumor size, and tumor location.

Item Type: Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adolescent Adult Aged Aged, 80 and over *Cell Proliferation Child Female Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors/genetics/*pathology/*surgery Humans Male Middle Aged Multivariate Analysis Mutation Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/*diagnosis/*pathology Predictive Value of Tests Prognosis Prospective Studies Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit/genetics Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor alpha/genetics Retrospective Studies Survival Analysis
Subjects: organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell functions > cell proliferation
diseases & disorders > cancer > cancer types > gastrointestinal stromal tumors
diseases & disorders > cancer > prognosis
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Maki lab
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date: 1 February 2008
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2016 19:08
Last Modified: 26 Oct 2016 19:08
Related URLs:
URI: https://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/33686

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