Translation of MuLV and MSV RNAs in nuclease-treated reticulocyte extracts: enhancement of the gag-pol polypeptide with yeast suppressor tRNA

Philipson, L., Andersson, P., Olshevsky, U., Weinberg, R., Baltimore, D., Gesteland, R. (January 1978) Translation of MuLV and MSV RNAs in nuclease-treated reticulocyte extracts: enhancement of the gag-pol polypeptide with yeast suppressor tRNA. Cell, 13 (1). pp. 189-99. ISSN 0092-8674 (Print)0092-8674 (Linking)

DOI: 10.1016/0092-8674(78)90149-6


The virion RNAs from Moloney murine leukemia virus (MuLV) and Moloney murine sarcoma virus (MSV) were translated in a micrococcal nuclease-treated cell-free system from rabbit reticulocytes. The predominant polypeptides formed from 35S MuLV RNA were 78,000 and 65,000 daltons in molecular weight, and minor components with molecular weights of 180,000,110,000, 52,000 and 40,000 daltons were also observed. The 30S MSV RNA yielded two predominant polypeptides of 62,000 and 43,000 daltons, and minor components about 72,000, 40,000 and 18,000 daltons in molecular weight. The predominant polypeptides generated by both MuLV and MSV RNA were found to be precursors of the core proteins by immunoprecipitation with specific antisera. The 180,000 dalton molecular weight polypeptide encoded by MuLV RNA was immunoprecipitated both by antisera to the core protein (p30) and reverse transcriptase. The major products therefore appear to be Pr65gag and Pr78gag; an important minor product is Pr180gag-pol. Most of the products of <65,000 daltons synthesized in either system contained sequences from the core protein precursor, but the 43,000 and 18,000 dalton molecular weight polypeptides generated by MSV RNA did not precipitate with antisera to MuLV proteins. When purified yeast suppressor tRNA was added to the translation mixture directed by 35S MuLV RNA, the amount of the Pr78gag was reduced, while the yield of the Pr180gag-pol was enhanced. Amber suppressor tRNA was about 3 times as effective as ochre suppressor tRNA and nonsuppressor tRNA. This pattern of suppression was also seen for an established amber mutation (UAG) in the synthetase gene of Qβ (Qβ aml), suggesting that it is a UAG codon which terminates synthesis of Pr78gag. In the MSV system, the amber suppressor tRNA, and to a lesser extent the ochre suppressor tRNA, markedly increased the synthesis of the 72,000 dalton molecular weight polypeptide with a slight reduction of the 62,000 dalton protein. Since read-through between the core protein and reverse transcriptase genes occurs to a low level both in vivo and in vitro and can be enhanced in vitro by amber suppressor tRNA, these results suggest that a suppression mechanism may control the relative amounts of core protein and reverse transcriptase synthesized from 35S mRNA. Such a mechanism might be used more generally by mRNAs from mammalian cells.

Item Type: Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cell-Free System Codon *Gammaretrovirus *Moloney murine leukemia virus Protein Biosynthesis/drug effects RNA, Messenger/*metabolism RNA, Transfer/*pharmacology RNA, Viral/*metabolism *Sarcoma Viruses, Murine Viral Proteins/*biosynthesis Yeasts
Subjects: bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > tRNA
organism description > virus
organism description > yeast
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date: January 1978
Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2016 16:13
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2016 16:13
Related URLs:

Actions (login required)

Administrator's edit/view item Administrator's edit/view item
CSHL HomeAbout CSHLResearchEducationNews & FeaturesCampus & Public EventsCareersGiving