Effects of water chemistry on the chronic toxicity of lead to the cladoceran, Ceriodaphnia dubia

Mager, E. M., Brix, K. V., Gerdes, R. M., Ryan, A. C., Grosell, M. (2010) Effects of water chemistry on the chronic toxicity of lead to the cladoceran, Ceriodaphnia dubia. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. ISSN 01476513

URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21145110
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2010.11.005


As the first step toward parameterization of a chronic lead (Pb) biotic ligand model (BLM) for Ceriodaphnia dubia, 7-d toxicity tests were performed in waters modified to evaluate the influences of hardness, DOM (as Suwannee River NOM and Aldrich humic acid (HA)), pH (buffered with 4 mM MOPS) and alkalinity on the chronic toxicity of Pb. Calculated EC(20)s for the control base water test and each of the most extreme modified test waters were as follows in μg L(-1) Pb (95% confidence interval): base water control=45 (14-53), 5 mM CaSO(4)=22 (12-30), 32 mg L(-1) DOM=523 (388-573), 2.5 mM NaHCO(3)=73 (21-120) and pH 6.4 buffered with MOPS=3.9 μg L(-1) Pb (1-5). Results indicate that hardness does not protect against chronic toxicity of Pb to C. dubia, whereas HA does protect at the highest concentration tested (597 μM). Additionally, our findings suggest that low pH increases the chronic toxicity of Pb whereas increased alkalinity is protective. The findings reported herein support the need for a chronic Pb BLM as an alternative approach to hardness-based regulations.

Item Type: Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alkalinity Biotic ligand model Dissolved organic matter Hardness Pb Water quality
Subjects: organism description > animal > insect
diseases & disorders > toxins
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL Cancer Center Shared Resources
Depositing User: CSHL Librarian
Date: 2010
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2011 19:53
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2018 14:10
Related URLs:
URI: https://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/15471

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