A Mechanosensory Circuit that Mixes Opponent Channels to Produce Selectivity for Complex Stimulus Features

Chang, A. E., Vaughan, A. G., Wilson, R. I. (November 2016) A Mechanosensory Circuit that Mixes Opponent Channels to Produce Selectivity for Complex Stimulus Features. Neuron, 92 (4). pp. 888-901. ISSN 1097-4199 (Electronic)0896-6273 (Linking)

URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27974164
DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2016.09.059

Abstract

Johnston's organ is the largest mechanosensory organ in Drosophila; it analyzes movements of the antenna due to sound, wind, gravity, and touch. Different Johnston's organ neurons (JONs) encode distinct stimulus features. Certain JONs respond in a sustained manner to steady displacements, and these JONs subdivide into opponent populations that prefer push or pull displacements. Here, we describe neurons in the brain (aPN3 neurons) that combine excitation and inhibition from push/pull JONs in different ratios. Consequently, different aPN3 neurons are sensitive to movement in different parts of the antenna's range, at different frequencies, or at different amplitude modulation rates. We use a model to show how the tuning of aPN3 neurons can arise from rectification and temporal filtering in JONs, followed by mixing of JON signals in different proportions. These results illustrate how several canonical neural circuit components-rectification, opponency, and filtering-can combine to produce selectivity for complex stimulus features.

Item Type: Paper
Subjects: organism description > animal > insect > Drosophila
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types > neurons > neuronal circuits
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types > neurons > neuronal circuits
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types > neurons > neuronal circuits
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Zador lab
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date: 23 November 2016
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2017 17:01
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2017 17:01
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/33952

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