Genetic Inhibition of Phosphorylation of the Translation Initiation Factor eIF2alpha Does Not Block Abeta-Dependent Elevation of BACE1 and APP Levels or Reduce Amyloid Pathology in a Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease

Sadleir, K. R., Eimer, W. A., Kaufman, R. J., Osten, P., Vassar, R. (July 2014) Genetic Inhibition of Phosphorylation of the Translation Initiation Factor eIF2alpha Does Not Block Abeta-Dependent Elevation of BACE1 and APP Levels or Reduce Amyloid Pathology in a Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease. PLoS One, 9 (7). e101643. ISSN 1932-6203

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URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24992504
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0101643

Abstract

beta-site amyloid precursor protein (APP) cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) initiates the production of beta-amyloid (Abeta), the major constituent of amyloid plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD). BACE1 is elevated approximately 2-3 fold in AD brain and is concentrated in dystrophic neurites near plaques, suggesting BACE1 elevation is Abeta-dependent. Previously, we showed that phosphorylation of the translation initiation factor eIF2alpha de-represses translation of BACE1 mRNA following stress such as energy deprivation. We hypothesized that stress induced by Abeta might increase BACE1 levels by the same translational mechanism involving eIF2alpha phosphorylation. To test this hypothesis, we used three different genetic strategies to determine the effects of reducing eIF2alpha phosphorylation on Abeta-dependent BACE1 elevation in vitro and in vivo: 1) a two-vector adeno-associated virus (AAV) system to express constitutively active GADD34, the regulatory subunit of PP1c eIF2alpha phosphatase; 2) a non-phosphorylatable eIF2alpha S51A knockin mutation; 3) a BACE1-YFP transgene lacking the BACE1 mRNA 5' untranslated region (UTR) required for eIF2alpha translational regulation. The first two strategies were used in primary neurons and 5XFAD transgenic mice, while the third strategy was employed only in 5XFAD mice. Despite very effective reduction of eIF2alpha phosphorylation in both primary neurons and 5XFAD brains, or elimination of eIF2alpha-mediated regulation of BACE1-YFP mRNA translation in 5XFAD brains, Abeta-dependent BACE1 elevation was not decreased. Additionally, robust inhibition of eIF2alpha phosphorylation did not block Abeta-dependent APP elevation in primary neurons, nor did it reduce amyloid pathology in 5XFAD mice. We conclude that amyloid-associated BACE1 elevation is not caused by translational de-repression via eIF2alpha phosphorylation, but instead appears to involve a post-translational mechanism. These definitive genetic results exclude a role for eIF2alpha phosphorylation in Abeta-dependent BACE1 and APP elevation. We suggest a vicious pathogenic cycle wherein Abeta42 toxicity induces peri-plaque BACE1 and APP accumulation in dystrophic neurites leading to exacerbated Abeta production and plaque progression.

Item Type: Paper
Subjects: diseases & disorders > mental disorders > delirium dementia cognitive disorders > Alzheimer's disease
organism description > model organism
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification > protein expression > phosphorylation
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Osten lab
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date: 3 July 2014
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2014 16:16
Last Modified: 28 Apr 2015 19:39
PMCID: PMC4081565
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/30499

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