Epigenetics

Stewart, D., Stillman, B. (2004) Epigenetics. In: Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology LXIX: Epigenetics, Cold Spring Harbor.

URL: http://symposium.cshlp.org/content/69
DOI: 10.1101/sqb.2004.69.i

Abstract

Until recently, the general view of heredity has been seen through the lens of DNA. Indeed, the 2003 Symposium on “The Genome of Homo sapiens” contributed to that view by emphasizing the importance of DNA sequence and its origins. But increasingly, investigators are exploring a set of secondary phenomena that give rise to heritable changes in gene function that occur without a change in the underlying DNA sequence—epigenetic mechanisms such as DNA methylation, histone acetylation, imprinting, RNA interference, gene silencing, and paramutation. A growing body of evidence indicates that epigenetic changes are important contributors to the pathogenesis of disease in humans, animals, and plants and may lie at the heart of many important gene–environment interactions. And so it seemed timely to hold a Symposium explicitly devoted to “Epigenetics.” Previous Symposia that have in part examined the role of the macromolecular context in which the primary genetic information is found include the 1941 Symposium on “Genes and Chromosomes: Structure and Organization,” which emphasized a biophysical approach to these structures; the two closely separated Symposia that examined “Chromosome Structure and Function” (1973) and “Chromatin” (1977), at which latter meeting the nature of the nucleosome was unveiled; and the 1993 Symposium on “DNA and Chromosomes,” by which time the human genome project with its focus on the primary sequence was well underway. The 69th Symposium, however, was the first to fully explore the heritable aspects to these and related biochemical phenomena. The field of epigenetics as we know it today was prominently introduced at the 1951 Symposium on “Genes and Mutations.” There, Ed Lewis presented data on position effect variegation in Drosophila, a phenomenon that has played an important role in the history of the field. Equally importantly, Barbara McClintock presented her ideas about heterochromatin and movable genetic elements, the so-called Ac-Ds system in maize that opened up understanding of transposition and its links to gene silencing and formation of heterochromatin. Some 53 years later, the 69th Symposium witnessed a rather complete molecular description of her ideas, including links to RNAi.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > epigenetics
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > epigenetics
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Stillman lab
Meetings and Courses
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date: 2004
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2014 19:58
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2015 16:46
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/29558

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