Eigenvalue spectra of asymmetric random matrices for multicomponent neural networks

Wei, Y. (2012) Eigenvalue spectra of asymmetric random matrices for multicomponent neural networks. Physical Review E , 85 (6-2).

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URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23005171
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.85.066116

Abstract

This paper focuses on large neural networks whose synaptic connectivity matrices are randomly chosen from certain random matrix ensembles. The dynamics of these networks can be characterized by the eigenvalue spectra of their connectivity matrices. In reality, neurons in a network do not necessarily behave in a similar way, but may belong to several different categories. The first study of the spectra of two-component neural networks was carried out by Rajan and Abbott [Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 188104 (2006)]. In their model, neurons are either "excitatory" or "inhibitory," and strengths of synapses from different types of neurons have Gaussian distributions with different means and variances. A surprising finding by Rajan and Abbott is that the eigenvalue spectra of these types of random synaptic matrices do not depend on the mean values of their elements. In this paper we prove that this is true even for a much more general type of random neural network, where there is a finite number of types of neurons and their synaptic strengths have correlated distributions. Furthermore, using the diagrammatic techniques, we calculate the explicit formula for the spectra of synaptic matrices of multicomponent neural networks.

Item Type: Paper
Subjects: organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > tissues types and functions > neural networks
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > tissues types and functions
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Koulakov lab
CSHL Post Doctoral Fellows
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2013 19:35
Last Modified: 03 May 2013 15:33
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/27077

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