Disruption of Cholinergic Retinal Waves Alters Visual Cortex Development and Function

Burbridge, Timothy J, Ratliff, Jacob M, Dwivedi, Deepanjali, Vrudhula, Uma, Alvarado-Huerta, Francisco, Sjulson, Lucas, Ibrahim, Leena Ali, Cheadle, Lucas, Fishell, Gordon, Batista-Brito, Renata (April 2024) Disruption of Cholinergic Retinal Waves Alters Visual Cortex Development and Function. bioRxiv. (Public Dataset) (Submitted)

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URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/38644996
DOI: 10.1101/2024.04.05.588143


Retinal waves represent an early form of patterned spontaneous neural activity in the visual system. These waves originate in the retina before eye-opening and propagate throughout the visual system, influencing the assembly and maturation of subcortical visual brain regions. However, because it is technically challenging to ablate retina-derived cortical waves without inducing compensatory activity, the role these waves play in the development of the visual cortex remains unclear. To address this question, we used targeted conditional genetics to disrupt cholinergic retinal waves and their propagation to select regions of primary visual cortex, which largely prevented compensatory patterned activity. We find that loss of cholinergic retinal waves without compensation impaired the molecular and synaptic maturation of excitatory neurons located in the input layers of visual cortex, as well as layer 1 interneurons. These perinatal molecular and synaptic deficits also relate to functional changes observed at later ages. We find that the loss of perinatal cholinergic retinal waves causes abnormal visual cortex retinotopy, mirroring changes in the retinotopic organization of gene expression, and additionally impairs the processing of visual information. We further show that retinal waves are necessary for higher order processing of sensory information by impacting the state-dependent activity of layer 1 interneurons, a neuronal type that shapes neocortical state-modulation, as well as for state-dependent gain modulation of visual responses of excitatory neurons. Together, these results demonstrate that a brief targeted perinatal disruption of patterned spontaneous activity alters early cortical gene expression as well as synaptic and physiological development, and compromises both fundamental and, notably, higher-order functions of visual cortex after eye-opening.

Item Type: Paper
Subjects: organism description > animal
organism description > animal > mammal
organism description > animal > mammal > rodent > mouse
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions
organism description > animal > mammal > rodent
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > tissues types and functions
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > tissues types and functions > visual cortex
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Lippman lab
CSHL labs > Cheadle lab
SWORD Depositor: CSHL Elements
Depositing User: CSHL Elements
Date: 15 April 2024
Date Deposited: 01 May 2024 14:47
Last Modified: 01 May 2024 14:47
PMCID: PMC11030223
Related URLs:
Dataset ID:
URI: https://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/41521

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