Genetic and Phenotypic Overlap of Specific Obsessive-Compulsive Subtypes with Tourette Syndrome

Hirschtritt, Matthew, Darrow, Sabrina M., Illmann, Cornelia, Osiecki, Lisa, Grados, Marco, Sandor, Paul, Dion, Yves, King, Robert A., Pauls, David, Budman, Cathy L., Cath, Danielle C., Greenberg, Erica, Lyon, Gholson J., Yu, Dongmei, McGrath, Lauren M., McMahon, William M., Lee, Paul C., Delucchi, Kevin L., Scharf, Jeremiah M., Mathews, Carol A. (May 2017) Genetic and Phenotypic Overlap of Specific Obsessive-Compulsive Subtypes with Tourette Syndrome. Biological Psychiatry, 81 (10, Su). S361-S362. ISSN 0006-3223

DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2017.02.621


Background The unique phenotypic and genetic aspects of obsessive-compulsive (OCD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among individuals with Tourette syndrome (TS) have not been well characterized. Methods OCD and ADHD symptom patterns were identified among patients with TS and their family members (N=3494) using exploratory factor and latent class analyses; clinical associations and heritability of these factors were examined. Results Factor analyses yielded 2- and 8-factor models for ADHD and OCD, respectively. Both ADHD factors (inattention and hyperactivity/impulsiveness) were genetically related to TS, ADHD, and OCD; all OCD factors (related to symmetry/contamination, unusual thoughts, aggressive urges, and hoarding) were genetically related to OCD. The OCD aggressive urges factor was genetically associated with TS and ADHD, the symmetry/exactness and fear of harm factors were associated with TS, and the hoarding factor was associated with ADHD. Latent classes based on OCD and ADHD factor sum scores to examine the relationships between OCD and ADHD symptoms in probands and family members revealed a three-class solution: ADHD; OCD+ADHD; and asymmetry/exactness, hoarding, and ADHD. The majority of participants with TS, ADHD, mood, and anxiety disorders, as well as mothers, fathers, and probands, were classified in the ADHD class. In contrast, the largest percentage of participants with OCD and disruptive behavior disorders were classified in the asymmetry/exactness, hoarding, and ADHD class. Conclusions Symmetry/exactness, aggressive urges, fear of harm, and hoarding show complex genetic relationships with TS, OCD, and ADHD, and transcend diagnostic boundaries, perhaps representing a failure of top-down cognitive control common to all three disorders.

Item Type: Paper
Additional Information: Meeting Abstract
Subjects: bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics
Publication Type > Meeting Abstract
diseases & disorders > mental disorders > Tourette Syndrome
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Lyon lab
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date: 15 May 2017
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2017 20:20
Last Modified: 21 Dec 2023 16:02
PMCID: PMC7909616

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