Brain Maturation in Neonatal Rodents Is Impeded by Sevoflurane Anesthesia

Makaryus, R., Lee, H., Feng, T., Park, J. H., Nedergaard, M., Jacob, Z., Enikolopov, G., Benveniste, H. (September 2015) Brain Maturation in Neonatal Rodents Is Impeded by Sevoflurane Anesthesia. Anesthesiology, 123 (3). pp. 557-568. ISSN 1528-1175 (Electronic)0003-3022 (Linking)

DOI: 10.1097/aln.0000000000000762


BACKGROUND: A wealth of data shows neuronal demise after general anesthesia in the very young rodent brain. Herein, the authors apply proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1HMRS), testing the hypothesis that neurotoxic exposure during peak synaptogenesis can be tracked via changes in neuronal metabolites. METHODS: 1HMRS spectra were acquired in the brain (thalamus) of neonatal rat pups 24 and 48 h after sevoflurane exposure on postnatal day (PND) 7 and 15 and in unexposed, sham controls. A repeated measure ANOVA was performed to examine whether changes in metabolites were different between exposed and unexposed groups. Sevoflurane-induced neurotoxicity on PND7 was confirmed by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: In unexposed PND7 pups (N = 21), concentration of N-acetylaspartate (NAA; [NAA]) increased by 16% from PND8 to PND9, whereas in exposed PND7 pups (N = 19), [NAA] did not change and concentration of glycerophosphorylcholine and phosphorylcholine ([GPC + PCh]) decreased by 25%. In PND15 rats, [NAA] increased from PND16 to PND17 for both the exposed (N = 14) and the unexposed (N = 16) groups. Two-way ANOVA for PND7 pups demonstrated that changes over time observed in [NAA] (P = 0.031) and [GPC + PCh] (P = 0.024) were different between those two groups. CONCLUSIONS: The authors demonstrated that normal [NAA] increase from PND8 to PND9 was impeded in sevoflurane-exposed rats when exposed at PND7; however, not impeded when exposed on PND15. Furthermore, the authors showed that noninvasive 1HMRS is sufficiently sensitive to detect subtle differences in developmental time trajectory of [NAA]. This is potentially clinically relevant because 1HMRS can be applied across species and may be useful in providing evidence of neurotoxicity in the human neonatal brain.

Item Type: Paper
Subjects: organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > organs types and functions > brain
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Enikopolov lab
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date: September 2015
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2015 19:42
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2015 17:04
PMCID: PMC4543401
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