Effects of temperature on spontaneous and induce mutations in Escherichia coli

Witkin, Evelyn M. (November 1953) Effects of temperature on spontaneous and induce mutations in Escherichia coli. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 39 (5). pp. 427-433.

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URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16589286


The frequency of spontaneous mutations in Drosophila has been shown to increase, in general, with increasing temperature, and the temperature coefficients reported range from about 2 to 5(1). These findings played an important part in the early definition of mutation as a definite molecular rearrangement(2). Very little is known of the response to post-treatment temperature of mutations induced by radiation or chemicals. Two kinds of effects could be investigated in this connection: the effect of temperature on the frequency of induced mutations, and the effect of temperature on the pattern of delayed appearance of induced mutations. In the latter category, Auerbach(3) has described an increase in the frequency of mustard-induced mosaics at low temperatures, which she ascribes to the stabilization by cold of metastable genic configurations induced by the mutagen, leading to extended delay in the shift to the stable mutant condition. Similar effects of temperature on the delayed action of mutagens in Neurospora and Aspergillis found in unpublished experiments by the authors are mentioned by McElroy and Swanson(4) in support of the concept of mutation via metastable intermediates. The hereditary change from sensitivity to resistance to bacteriophage in Escherichia coli can be followed with a degree of quantitative precision and technical ease that makes it a promising material for an investigation of temperature effects on spontaneous and induced mutation. This report is a preliminary account of such a study.

Item Type: Paper
Subjects: organism description > bacteria > escherichia coli
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > mutations
CSHL Authors:
Communities: The Carnegie Institution Department of Genetics
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date: 15 November 1953
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2015 22:01
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2015 19:22
PMCID: PMC1063800
Related URLs:
URI: https://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/31033

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