Demonstration of natriuretic activity in urine of neurosurgical patients with renal salt wasting

Youmans, S. J., Fein, M. R., Wirkowski, E., Maesaka, J. K. (May 2013) Demonstration of natriuretic activity in urine of neurosurgical patients with renal salt wasting. F1000 Research, 2. p. 126. ISSN 20461402 (ISSN)

DOI: 10.12688/f1000research.2-126.v1


We have utilized the persistent elevation of fractional excretion (FE) of urate, > 10%, to differentiate cerebral/renal salt wasting (RSW) from the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH), in which a normalization of FEurate occurs after correction of hyponatremia. Previous studies suggest as well that an elevated FEurate with normonatremia, without pre-existing hyponatremia, is also consistent with RSW, including studies demonstrating induction of RSW in rats infused with plasma from normonatremic neurosurgical and Alzheimer's disease patients. The present studies were designed to test whether precipitates from the urine of normonatremic neurosurgical patients, with either normal or elevated FEurate, and patients with SIADH, display natriuretic activity. METHODS: Ammonium sulfate precipitates from the urine of 6 RSW and 5 non-RSW Control patients were dialyzed (10 kDa cutoff) to remove the ammonium sulfate, lyophilized, and the reconstituted precipitate was tested for its effect on transcellular transport of (22)Na across LLC-PK1 cells grown to confluency in transwells. RESULTS: Precipitates from 5 of the 6 patients with elevated FEurate and normonatremia significantly inhibited the in vitro transcellular transport of (22)Na above a concentration of 3 mug protein/ml, by 10-25%, versus to vehicle alone, and by 15-40% at concentrations of 5-20 mug/ml as compared to precipitates from 4 of the 5 non-RSW patients with either normal FEurate and normonatremia (2 patients) or with SIADH (2 patients). CONCLUSION: These studies provide further evidence that an elevated FEurate with normonatremia is highly consistent with RSW. Evidence in the urine of natriuretic activity suggests significant renal excretion of the natriuretic factor. The potentially large source of the natriuretic factor that this could afford, coupled with small analytical sample sizes required by the in-vitro bioassay used here, should facilitate future experimental analysis and allow the natriuretic factor to be investigated as a potential biomarker for RSW.

Item Type: Paper
Subjects: diseases & disorders
Investigative techniques and equipment
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Egeblad lab
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date: 10 May 2013
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2014 16:54
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2014 16:54
PMCID: PMC3752684.1

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