P63 targeted deletion under the FOXN1 promoter disrupts pre-and post-natal thymus development, function and maintenance as well as induces severe hair loss

Stefanski, Heather E, Xing, Yan, Nicholls, Jemma, Jonart, Leslie, Goren, Emily, Taylor, Patricia A, Mills, Alea A, Riddle, Megan, McGrath, John, Tolar, Jakub, Hollander, Georg A, Blazar, Bruce R (January 2022) P63 targeted deletion under the FOXN1 promoter disrupts pre-and post-natal thymus development, function and maintenance as well as induces severe hair loss. PLoS One, 17 (1). ISSN 1932-6203

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URL: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35077450/
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0261770

Abstract

Progressive immune deficiency of aging is characterized by severe thymic atrophy, contracted T cell repertoire, and poor immune function. p63 is critical for the proliferative potential of embryonic and adult stem cells, as well as thymic epithelial cells (TECs). Because p63 null mice experience rapid post-natal lethality due to epidermal and limb morphogenesis defects, studies to define a role for p63 expression in TEC biology focused on embryonic thymus development and in vitro experiments. Since post-natal thymic stromal development and function differs from that of the embryo, we assessed the impact of lineage-restricted p63 loss on pre- and post-natal murine TEC function by generating mice with a loss of p63 function targeted to TEC, termed p63 TECko mice. In adult p63 TECko mice, severe thymic hypoplasia was observed with a lack in a discernable segregation into medullary and cortical compartments and peripheral T cell lymphopenia. This profound thymic defect was seen in both neonatal as well as embryonic p63 TECko mice. In addition to TECs, p63 also plays in important role in the development of stratified epithelium of the skin; lack of p63 results in defects in skin epidermal stratification and differentiation. Interestingly, all adult p63 TECko mice lacked hair follicles despite having normal p63 expression in the skin. Together our results show a critical role of TEC p63 in thymic development and maintenance and show that p63 expression is critical for hair follicle formation.

Item Type: Paper
Subjects: diseases & disorders > hair loss
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > genes, structure and function > genes: types > p63
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > organs types and functions > thymus
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Mills lab
SWORD Depositor: CSHL Elements
Depositing User: CSHL Elements
Date: 25 January 2022
Date Deposited: 26 Jan 2022 14:48
Last Modified: 10 Feb 2022 16:49
PMCID: PMC8789144
URI: https://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/40499

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