ESTIMATING DIFFEOMORPHIC MAPPINGS BETWEEN TEMPLATES AND NOISY DATA: VARIANCE BOUNDS ON THE ESTIMATED CANONICAL VOLUME FORM

Tward, D. J., Mitra, P. P., Miller, M. I. (June 2019) ESTIMATING DIFFEOMORPHIC MAPPINGS BETWEEN TEMPLATES AND NOISY DATA: VARIANCE BOUNDS ON THE ESTIMATED CANONICAL VOLUME FORM. Quarterly of Applied Mathematics, 77 (2). pp. 467-488. ISSN 0033-569X

URL: https://www.ams.org/journals/qam/2019-77-02/S0033-...
DOI: 10.1090/qam/1527

Abstract

Anatomy is undergoing a renaissance driven by the availability of large digital data sets generated by light microscopy. A central computational task is to map individual data volumes to standardized templates. This is accomplished by regularized estimation of a diffeomorphic transformation between the coordinate systems of the individual data and the template, building the transformation incrementally by integrating a smooth flow field. The canonical volume form of this transformation is used to quantify local growth, atrophy, or cell density. While multiple implementations exist for this estimation, less attention has been paid to the variance of the estimated diffeomorphism for noisy data. Notably, there is an infinite dimensional unobservable space defined by those diffeomorphisms which leave the template invariant. These form the stabilizer subgroup of the diffeomorphic group acting on the template. The corresponding flat directions in the energy landscape are expected to lead to increased estimation variance. Here we show that a least-action principle used to generate geodesics in the space of diffeomorphisms connecting the subject brain to the template removes the stabilizer. This provides reduced-variance estimates of the volume form. Using simulations we demonstrate that the asymmetric large deformation diffeomorphic mapping methods (LDDMM), which explicitly incorporate the asymmetry between idealized template images and noisy empirical images, provide lower variance estimators than their symmetrized counterparts (cf. ANTs). We derive Cramer-Rao bounds for the variances in the limit of small deformations. Analytical results are shown for the Jacobian in terms of perturbations of the vector fields and divergence of the vector field.

Item Type: Paper
Subjects: bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > annotation > map annotation
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Mitra lab
Depositing User: Matthew Dunn
Date: June 2019
Date Deposited: 09 Apr 2019 15:58
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2019 15:58
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/37776

Actions (login required)

Administrator's edit/view item Administrator's edit/view item
CSHL HomeAbout CSHLResearchEducationNews & FeaturesCampus & Public EventsCareersGiving