Displacement of WDR5 from Chromatin by a WIN Site Inhibitor with Picomolar Affinity

Aho, E. R., Wang, J., Gogliotti, R. D., Howard, G. C., Phan, J., Acharya, P., Macdonald, J. D., Cheng, K., Lorey, S. L., Lu, B., Wenzel, S., Foshage, A. M., Alvarado, J., Wang, F., Shaw, J. G., Zhao, B., Weissmiller, A. M., Thomas, L. R., Vakoc, C. R., Hall, M. D., Hiebert, S. W., Liu, Q., Stauffer, S. R., Fesik, S. W., Tansey, W. P. (March 2019) Displacement of WDR5 from Chromatin by a WIN Site Inhibitor with Picomolar Affinity. Cell Reports, 26 (22). 2916-2928.e13. ISSN 22111247 (ISSN)

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URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30865883
DOI: 10.1016/j.celrep.2019.02.047

Abstract

The chromatin-associated protein WDR5 is a promising target for pharmacological inhibition in cancer. Drug discovery efforts center on the blockade of the “WIN site” of WDR5, a well-defined pocket that is amenable to small molecule inhibition. Various cancer contexts have been proposed to be targets for WIN site inhibitors, but a lack of understanding of WDR5 target genes and of the primary effects of WIN site inhibitors hampers their utility. Here, by the discovery of potent WIN site inhibitors, we demonstrate that the WIN site links WDR5 to chromatin at a small cohort of loci, including a specific subset of ribosome protein genes. WIN site inhibitors rapidly displace WDR5 from chromatin and decrease the expression of associated genes, causing translational inhibition, nucleolar stress, and p53 induction. Our studies define a mode by which WDR5 engages chromatin and forecast that WIN site blockade could have utility against multiple cancer types. © 2019 The Author(s) WDR5 is a chromatin-associated protein and promising anti-cancer target. Aho et al. show that WDR5 controls the expression of ribosome protein genes and describe how small molecule inhibitors of WDR5 displace it from chromatin, causing impeded translation, nucleolar stress, and induction of p53-dependent apoptosis in leukemia cells. © 2019 The Author(s)

Item Type: Paper
Subjects: diseases & disorders > cancer
diseases & disorders > cancer > drugs and therapies
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Vakoc lab
Depositing User: Matthew Dunn
Date: 12 March 2019
Date Deposited: 25 Mar 2019 19:38
Last Modified: 25 Mar 2019 19:38
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/37761

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