The DDX5/Dbp2 subfamily of DEAD-box RNA helicases

Xing, Z., Ma, W. K., Tran, E. J. (December 2018) The DDX5/Dbp2 subfamily of DEAD-box RNA helicases. Wiley Interdiscip Rev RNA, 10 (2). e1519. ISSN 1757-7004

URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30506978
DOI: 10.1002/wrna.1519

Abstract

The mammalian DEAD-box RNA helicase DDX5, its paralog DDX17, and their orthologs in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Drosophila melanogaster, namely Dbp2 and Rm62, define a subfamily of DEAD-box proteins. Members from this subfamily share highly conserved protein sequences and cellular functions. They are involved in multiple steps of RNA metabolism including mRNA processing, microRNA processing, ribosome biogenesis, RNA decay, and regulation of long noncoding RNA activities. The DDX5/Dbp2 subfamily is also implicated in transcription regulation, cellular signaling pathways, and energy metabolism. One emerging theme underlying the diverse cellular functions is that the DDX5/Dbp2 subfamily of DEAD-box helicases act as chaperones for complexes formed by RNA molecules and proteins (RNP) in vivo. This RNP chaperone activity governs the functions of various RNA species through their lifetime. Importantly, mammalian DDX5 and DDX17 are involved in cancer progression when overexpressed through alteration of transcription and signaling pathways, meaning that they are possible targets for cancer therapy. This article is categorized under: RNA Interactions with Proteins and Other Molecules > Protein-RNA Interactions: Functional Implications RNA Structure and Dynamics > Influence of RNA Structure in Biological Systems RNA Interactions with Proteins and Other Molecules > RNA-Protein Complexes.

Item Type: Paper
Subjects: diseases & disorders > cancer
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification > protein types > chaperones
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > genes, structure and function > gene regulation
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > genes, structure and function > gene regulation

bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification > protein types > enzymes > helicase
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Krainer lab
Depositing User: Matthew Dunn
Date: 2 December 2018
Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2018 17:55
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2019 20:26
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/37513

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