Systematic identification of mutations and copy number alterations associated with cancer patient prognosis

Smith, J. C., Sheltzer, J. M. (December 2018) Systematic identification of mutations and copy number alterations associated with cancer patient prognosis. Elife, 7. ISSN 2050-084x

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URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30526857
DOI: 10.7554/eLife.39217

Abstract

Successful treatment decisions in cancer depend on the accurate assessment of patient risk. To improve our understanding of the molecular alterations that underlie deadly malignancies, we analyzed the genomic profiles of 17,879 tumors from patients with known outcomes. We find that mutations in almost all cancer driver genes contain remarkably little information on patient prognosis. However, CNAs in these same driver genes harbor significant prognostic power. Focal CNAs are associated with worse outcomes than broad alterations, and CNAs in many driver genes remain prognostic when controlling for stage, grade, TP53 status, and total aneuploidy. By performing a meta-analysis across independent patient cohorts, we identify robust prognostic biomarkers in specific cancer types, and we demonstrate that a subset of these alterations also confer specific therapeutic vulnerabilities. In total, our analysis establishes a comprehensive resource for cancer biomarker identification and underscores the importance of gene copy number profiling in assessing clinical risk.

Item Type: Paper
Subjects: diseases & disorders > cancer
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > copy number variants
diseases & disorders > cancer > prognosis
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Sheltzer lab
Depositing User: Matthew Dunn
Date: 11 December 2018
Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2018 16:43
Last Modified: 20 Dec 2018 16:43
PMCID: PMC6289580
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/37508

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