Proteomic profile of cystic fibrosis sputum cells in adults chronically infected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Pattison, S. H., Gibson, D. S., Johnston, E., Peacock, S., Rivera, K., Tunney, M. M., Pappin, D. J., Elborn, J. S. (July 2017) Proteomic profile of cystic fibrosis sputum cells in adults chronically infected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Eur Respir J, 50 (1). ISSN 0903-1936

URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28679606
DOI: 10.1183/13993003.01569-2016

Abstract

Lung disease is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in cystic fibrosis (CF), and involves chronic infection and perturbed immune responses. Tissue damage is mediated mostly by extracellular proteases, but other cellular proteins may also contribute to damage through their effect on cell activities and/or release into sputum fluid by means of active secretion or cell death.We employed MudPIT (multidimensional protein identification technology) to identify sputum cellular proteins with consistently altered abundance in adults with CF, chronically infected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa, compared with healthy controls. Ingenuity Pathway Analysis, Gene Ontology, protein abundance and correlation with lung function were used to infer their potential clinical significance.Differentially abundant proteins relate to Rho family small GTPase activity, immune cell movement/activation, generation of reactive oxygen species, and dysregulation of cell death and proliferation. Compositional breakdown identified high abundance of proteins previously associated with neutrophil extracellular traps. Furthermore, negative correlations with lung function were detected for 17 proteins, many of which have previously been associated with lung injury.These findings expand our current understanding of the mechanisms driving CF lung disease and identify sputum cellular proteins with potential for use as indicators of disease status/prognosis, stratification determinants for treatment prescription or therapeutic targets.

Item Type: Paper
Subjects: bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics
organism description > yeast
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Pappin lab
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date: July 2017
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2017 20:55
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2017 20:55
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/35064

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