Vulnerability of primitive human placental trophoblast to Zika virus

Sheridan, M. A., Yunusov, D., Balaraman, V., Alexenko, A. P., Yabe, S., Verjovski-Almeida, S., Schust, D. J., Franz, A. W., Sadovsky, Y., Ezashi, T., Roberts, R. M. (February 2017) Vulnerability of primitive human placental trophoblast to Zika virus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 114 (9). E1587-e1596. ISSN 0027-8424

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URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28193876
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1616097114

Abstract

Infection of pregnant women by Asian lineage strains of Zika virus (ZIKV) has been linked to brain abnormalities in their infants, yet it is uncertain when during pregnancy the human conceptus is most vulnerable to the virus. We have examined two models to study susceptibility of human placental trophoblast to ZIKV: cytotrophoblast and syncytiotrophoblast derived from placental villi at term and colonies of trophoblast differentiated from embryonic stem cells (ESC). The latter appear to be analogous to the primitive placenta formed during implantation. The cells from term placentas, which resist infection, do not express genes encoding most attachment factors implicated in ZIKV entry but do express many genes associated with antiviral defense. By contrast, the ESC-derived trophoblasts possess a wide range of attachment factors for ZIKV entry and lack components of a robust antiviral response system. These cells, particularly areas of syncytiotrophoblast within the colonies, quickly become infected, produce infectious virus and undergo lysis within 48 h after exposure to low titers (multiplicity of infection > 0.07) of an African lineage strain (MR766 Uganda: ZIKVU) considered to be benign with regards to effects on fetal development. Unexpectedly, lytic effects required significantly higher titers of the presumed more virulent FSS13025 Cambodia (ZIKVC). Our data suggest that the developing fetus might be most vulnerable to ZIKV early in the first trimester before a protective zone of mature villous trophoblast has been established. Additionally, MR766 is highly trophic toward primitive trophoblast, which may put the early conceptus of an infected mother at high risk for destruction.

Item Type: Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: Zika virus embryonic stem cell placenta pregnancy trophoblast
Subjects: organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types > stem cells
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types > stem cells
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types > stem cells

organism description > virus
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Gingeras lab
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date: 28 February 2017
Date Deposited: 17 Mar 2017 20:45
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2017 19:07
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/34277

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