Heredity and culture as factors in body build

Davenport, Charles Benedict, Nelson, Louise A. (November 1925) Heredity and culture as factors in body build. Public Health Reports, 40 (48). pp. 2601-2605.

URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4577718
DOI: 10.2307/4577718

Abstract

The authors are concerned to show that constitutional are at least as important as cultural factors in determining variations in build in man, and that obesity is not simply the result of an excess of intake over output, as is commonly postulated by nutritional physiologists. The data in this piece of work were obtained from members of 100 families, who were arranged in 5 grades according to nutrition (from poor appetite to hearty eater) and to activity (from very inactive to exceedingly active), the mark for activity being subtracted from that for nutrituion and the " nutritional residual " so obtained being correlated with the deviation of the chest girth from the normal. The correlation between these two is 0.335. Hence the authors argue that variations in build depend only to a slight degree upon nutrition. The reliance placed upon this conclusion will depend upon the confidence that is felt in the possibility of accurate comparable measurements of such factors as nutrition and activity. D. Ward Cutler.

Item Type: Paper
Additional Information: Public Health Reports Reprint No. 1053. Treasury Department United States Public Health Service
Subjects: history > eugenics
CSHL Authors:
Communities: The Carnegie Institution Department of Genetics
Depositing User: Elizabeth Pessala
Date: 27 November 1925
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2016 16:29
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2016 16:29
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/33485

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