Tailoring a Combination Preerythrocytic Malaria Vaccine

Bauza, K., Atcheson, E., Malinauskas, T., Blagborough, A. M., Reyes-Sandoval, A. (2015) Tailoring a Combination Preerythrocytic Malaria Vaccine. Infect Immun, 84 (3). pp. 622-34. ISSN 1098-5522 (Electronic)0019-9567 (Linking)

URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26667840
DOI: 10.1128/iai.01063-15

Abstract

The leading malaria vaccine candidate, RTS,S, based on the Plasmodium falciparum circumsporozoite protein (CSP), will likely be the first publicly adopted malaria vaccine. However, this and other subunit vaccines, such as virus-vectored thrombospondin-related adhesive protein (TRAP), provide only intermediate to low levels of protection. In this study, the Plasmodium berghei homologues of antigens CSP and TRAP are combined. TRAP is delivered using adenovirus- and vaccinia virus-based vectors in a prime-boost regime. Initially, CSP is also delivered using these viral vectors; however, a reduction of anti-CSP antibodies is seen when combined with virus-vectored TRAP, and the combination is no more protective than either subunit vaccine alone. Using an adenovirus-CSP prime, protein-CSP boost regime, however, increases anti-CSP antibody titers by an order of magnitude, which is maintained when combined with virus-vectored TRAP. This combination regime using protein CSP provided 100% protection in C57BL/6 mice compared to no protection using virus-vectored TRAP alone and 40% protection using adenovirus-CSP prime and protein-CSP boost alone. This suggests that a combination of CSP and TRAP subunit vaccines could enhance protection against malaria.

Item Type: Paper
Subjects: organism description > virus
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Furukawa lab
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2016 16:40
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2016 16:40
PMCID: PMC4771343
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/32623

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