Mitotic entry in the presence of DNA damage is a widespread property of aneuploidy in yeast

Blank, H. M., Sheltzer, J. M., Meehl, C. M., Amon, A. (April 2015) Mitotic entry in the presence of DNA damage is a widespread property of aneuploidy in yeast. Mol Biol Cell, 26 (8). pp. 1440-51. ISSN 1939-4586 (Electronic)1059-1524 (Linking)

[img]
Preview
PDF (Paper)
Sheltzer Molecular Biol Cell 2015.pdf - Published Version

Download (2458Kb) | Preview
URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25694455
DOI: 10.1091/mbc.E14-10-1442

Abstract

Genetic instability is a hallmark of aneuploidy in budding and fission yeast. All aneuploid yeast strains analyzed to date harbor elevated levels of Rad52-GFP foci, a sign of DNA damage. Here we investigate how continuously elevated levels of DNA damage affect aneuploid cells. We show that Rad52-GFP foci form during S phase, consistent with the observation that DNA replication initiation and elongation are impaired in some aneuploid yeast strains. We furthermore find that although DNA damage is low in aneuploid cells, it nevertheless has dramatic consequences. Many aneuploid yeast strains adapt to DNA damage and undergo mitosis despite the presence of unrepaired DNA leading to cell death. Wild-type cells exposed to low levels of DNA damage exhibit a similar phenotype, indicating that adaptation to low levels of unrepaired DNA is a general property of the cell's response to DNA damage. Our results indicate that by causing low levels of DNA damage, whole-chromosome aneuploidies lead to DNA breaks that persist into mitosis. Such breaks provide the substrate for translocations and deletions that are a hallmark of cancer.

Item Type: Paper
Subjects: bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > chromosomal duplications > aneuploidy
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > organelles, types and functions > mitosis
organism description > yeast
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Sheltzer lab
CSHL Cancer Center Program > Cancer Genetics
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date: 15 April 2015
Date Deposited: 10 Sep 2015 19:47
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2018 17:30
PMCID: PMC4395125
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/31744

Actions (login required)

Administrator's edit/view item Administrator's edit/view item
CSHL HomeAbout CSHLResearchEducationNews & FeaturesCampus & Public EventsCareersGiving