Binary coding in auditory cortex

DeWeese, M. R., Zador, A. M. (2003) Binary coding in auditory cortex. Neural Information Processing Systems Foundation.

URL: http://papers.nips.cc/paper/2342-binary-coding-in-...

Abstract

Cortical neurons have been reported to use both rate and temporal codes. Here we describe a novel mode in which each neuron generates exactly 0 or 1 action potentials, but not more, in response to a stimulus. We used cell-attached recording, which ensured single-unit isolation, to record responses in rat auditory cortex to brief tone pips. Surprisingly, the majority of neurons exhibited binary behavior with few multi-spike responses; several dramatic examples consisted of exactly one spike on 100% of trials, with no trial-to-trial variability in spike count. Many neurons were tuned to stimulus frequency. Since individual trials yielded at most one spike for most neurons, the information about stimulus frequency was encoded in the population, and would not have been accessible to later stages of processing that only had access to the activity of a single unit. These binary units allow a more efficient population code than is possible with conventional rate coding units, and are consistent with a model of cortical processing in which synchronous packets of spikes propagate stably from one neuronal population to the next.

Item Type: Book
Subjects: organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > tissues types and functions > auditory cortex
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types > neurons > neuronal circuits
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types > neurons > neuronal circuits
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types > neurons > neuronal circuits
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Zador lab
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date: 2003
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2014 15:36
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2014 15:36
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/30941

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