A Catalog of Outer Ejecta Knots in the Cassiopeia A Supernova Remnant

Hammell, M. C., Fesen, R. A. (November 2008) A Catalog of Outer Ejecta Knots in the Cassiopeia A Supernova Remnant. Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 179 (1). pp. 195-208. ISSN 0067-0049

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URL: http://iopscience.iop.org/0067-0049/179/1/195/
DOI: 10.1086/591528

Abstract

Hubble Space Telescope images of the core-collapse supernova remnant Cassiopeia A are used to identify high-velocity knots of ejecta located outside the remnant's main emission shell of expanding debris. These ejecta fragments are found near or ahead of the remnant's forward shock front and mostly lie from 12000 to 30000 in radial distance from the remnant's center of expansion. Filter flux ratios when correlated with published spectra show that these knots can be divided into three emission classes: (1) knots dominated by [N II] lambda lambda 6548, 6583 emissions, ( 2) knots dominated by [O II] kk7319, 7330 emissions, and (3) knots displaying filter flux ratios suggestive of [ S II], [ O II], and [Ar III] lambda 7135 emission line strengths similar to the "fast-moving knots'' (FMKs) found in the remnant's bright main shell. Of 1825 knots identified, 444 are strong [N II] emission knots, 192 are strong [O II] emission knots, and 1189 are FMK-like knots. In terms of location around the remnant, 972, 207, and 646 knots are found in the remnant's northeast jet, southwest jet, and non-jet regions, respectively. Assuming a distance of 3.4 kpc, derived knot transverse velocities based on proper motion measurements spanning a 9 month interval indicate maximum transverse expansion velocities for these three knot classes of 14,500, 13,500, and 11,500 km s(-1), respectively. We present a catalog of these outlying ejecta clumps comprising finding charts, epoch 2004.2 knot positions, proper motions, photometric filter fluxes, and estimated knot emission type, along with cross-references to previous knot identifications and data. This compilation represents a nearly tenfold increase in the number of outlying, high-velocity ejecta knots identified around the Cassiopeia A remnant.

Item Type: Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: ISM: individual (Cassiopeia A) ISM: kinematics and dynamics supernova remnants CORE-COLLAPSE SUPERNOVAE HUBBLE-SPACE-TELESCOPE ADVANCED CAMERA PROPER MOTIONS RICH EJECTA EXPLOSIONS SPECTRA SPECTROPOLARIMETRY EVOLUTION DISCOVERY Astronomy & Astrophysics
Subjects: physics
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Hammell M. lab
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date: November 2008
Date Deposited: 06 Nov 2014 19:15
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2014 19:15
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/30884

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