On the Ca2+-permeability of neurons and glia

Sellstrom, A., Henn, F., Jacobson, I., Venema, R. (1981) On the Ca2+-permeability of neurons and glia. Acta physiologica Scandinavica, 113 (2). pp. 253-8. ISSN 0001-6772 (Print)0001-6772

URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6797257
DOI: 10.1111/j.1748-1716.1981.tb06891.x

Abstract

Fractions enriched in pinched-off nerve terminals and astrocytic glial cells were used to analyse the permeability of Ca++ of the two membranes. Three experimental models were used to illustrate a principle difference of the excitatory versus the no-excitatory cell membrane, with respect to Ca-permeability. The effect of an increased [Ca++] on 86Rb+ and 3H-GABA transport was measured in medium containing low and high [K+]. The possibility of GABA stimulation of release of preaccumulated 45Ca+4 with low and high [K+] was compared in neurons and glia. Finally, the effect of depolarizing [K+] on the transmembranal Ca++-gradient was measured by comparing the efficacy of the Ca-ionophore A23187 to depolarize or to inhibit the 3H-GABA uptake at these different [K+]. The data essentially confirms the picture of a potential dependent Ca++-permeability in the neuron, while the permeability of the glial cells seems a "true" constant. It might be relevant to suggest the astrocyte a role as a "Ca-buffer" with possibilities to control extracellular Ca+4 in cases of hyperactivity, this in analogy with what has been suggested for K+.

Item Type: Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: Animals Calcimycin/pharmacology Calcium/*metabolism *Cell Membrane Permeability/drug effects Neuroglia/drug effects/*metabolism Neurons/drug effects/*metabolism Potassium/pharmacology Rats Rubidium/metabolism Synaptosomes/metabolism gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/metabolism
Subjects: organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > sub-cellular tissues: types and functions > calcium channel
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types > glia cells
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types > glia cells
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types > glia cells

organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types > neurons
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types > neurons
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types > neurons
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Henn lab
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2014 16:50
Last Modified: 09 Jul 2014 16:50
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/30225

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