Neurotransmission and glial cells: a functional relationship?

Henn, F. A. (1976) Neurotransmission and glial cells: a functional relationship? Journal of Neuroscience Research, 2 (4). pp. 271-82. ISSN 0360-4012 (Print)0360-4012

URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/13228
DOI: 10.1002/jnr.490020404

Abstract

The investigations reported here demonstrate high affinity transport systems localized in glial cells which appear to be specific for amino acid neurotransmitter candidates. Data on uptake of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), glutamate, glycine, and taurine, show transport systems with KT'S in the range of 10(-5) M. In addition, the distribution of the glial transport system for glycine is shown to parallel the presumed distribution of glycine as an inhibitory neurotransmitter. Results of these studies also suggest that transport studies on brain homogenates or synaptosomal preparations do not serve to localize these functions to synaptic elements as is widely believed. This report shows that glia can form vesicles during homogenization which band which synaptosomes in density gradients, and retain transport activity. Glia also may contribute to the release of neurotransmitters via control of the extracellular Ca++ concentration. This is shown by the ability of GABA in the extracellular media to cause release of Ca++ by glia.

Item Type: Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: Amino Acids/metabolism Animals Biological Transport, Active Brain/cytology Calcium/metabolism Glioma/metabolism Glutamates/metabolism Glycine/metabolism Inulin/metabolism Neuroglia/*metabolism/ultrastructure Neurotransmitter Agents/*metabolism Rabbits Synaptosomes/metabolism Taurine/metabolism gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/metabolism
Subjects: organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types > glia cells
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types > glia cells
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types > glia cells

organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell functions > neurotransmitter
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Henn lab
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date: 1976
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2014 19:00
Last Modified: 09 Jul 2014 19:00
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/30204

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